My research on lockdown policies in Europe essentially deals with the question: Were you allowed to take a walk? Did you need a “good reason” to leave your house and if yes, what counts as a good reason? Please read the section “motivation” to learn what distinguishes my project from other Covid-19 policy trackers and why I think this data is needed to make any assessment about the effects of lockdown policies.
You can download the dataset in .csv format or .xlsx format or you can explore the data on this website. (Update 16 October: Here is the dataset in day-country format (.csv) for better comparison with other datasets, it’s preliminary as I will have to check again if everything was transformed smoothly.) The dataset might not be optimally formatted yet. New variables and classifications of countries may emerge in later versions. As with everything on this website, I am very welcome for any feedback on what is wrong or missing.
In the downloadable dataset, for each country at each time, five variables indicate the strictness of lockdown policies: The strictest local restrictions within the country at the strictest time of the day, the strictest local restrictions at the least strict time the least strict local restrictions at the strictest time, the least strict restrictions at the least strict time and whether a ban on leaving the municipality was in place. I will provide some examples below. Each of these four variables is assigned one of the following categories:
0 = no stay-at-home order in place
1 = no stay-at-home order, but mouth and nose have to be covered outside in the street
2 = only allowed to leave the house for specific reasons including physical activity
3 = only allowed to leave the house for specific reasons including physical activity, but mouth and nose have to be covered outside in the street
4 = only allowed to leave the house for specific reasons including physical activity, but only in close vicinity from home
5 = only allowed to leave the house for specific reasons including physical activity, but only in close vicinity from home and mouth and nose have to be covered outside in the street
6 = only allowed to leave the house for specific reasons not including physical activity
7 = only allowed to leave the house for specific reasons not including physical activity and mouth and nose have to be covered outside in the street
Bans on leaving the municipality of residence are coded as follows:
0 = no (or mostly empty cells, but this should not be interpreted as the absence of such rules, they might be well implied by other rules)
1 = yes
2 = in parts of the country
An attached “b” means that the toughest restrictions were only in place for certain groups. For instance, Turkey imposed a stay-at-home order on people aged 65 or older or those with certain health preconditions in March 2020. If there was a timetable for leaving home that did not allow to go out at least once a day, the policy is coded as it is on the strictest day. For instance, Andorrans were allowed to go out every second day between March and May 2020, but as they were forced to stay home every other second day, the policy is coded as a 6. Another example: In April 2021, parts of Germany had night curfews, but others did not. There is no general outside mask mandate, but most large cities have indicated zones where wearing a mask outside was mandatory, sometimes spanning to the entire city centre. As this included residential areas, there have been many people who could not legally step out of their house without wearing a mask. This situation thus translates into the following values for Germany at that time: Strictest restrictions nationally at the strictest time of day: 7 (night curfew with outside mask mandate), strictest restrictions nationally loosest time of day: 1 (outside mask mandate), loosest restrictions nationally at all times: 0 (allowed to leave the house at any time).
In some places, freedom of movement was respected within a municipality, but it was not allowed to leave the place of residence without a “good reason”. I do not cover travel restrictions, but I decided to cover bans on leaving the place of residence, mostly because it would be misleading to put Croatia that has chosen this approach in the same category as countries that ensured the free circulation of their citizens. A ban on leaving the municipality was also how the era of lockdowns began in Europe. On 23 February, Italy “quarantined” 11 villages. People were not allowed to enter or leave, but could freely circulate within their village while all assemblies were banned. This was a radical step at that time and received widespread media coverage. It took another two weeks before Italy became the first democratic country to ban their citizens from leaving their houses without an officially recognised “good reason”. When stay-at-home orders were introduced, bans on leaving the place of residence lost importance as they are implicitly included in the stay-at-home order. Such bans still applied at many times and places, but they might not be fully covered in this data.
Each row in the data corresponds to a change in one of the variables. If lockdown rules changed but a country did not move to another category (e.g. curfew hours were changed), this is indicated in the description of the last change. Therefore descriptions can be lengthy. Countries that never introduced a stay-at-home order or a ban on leaving the place of residence have only one entry which I dated to 1 January 2020.
This project does not deal with stay-at-home orders for people living in care facilities. Bans on leaving care facilities are not covered here in order to be able to make comparisons for the general population. Further research is needed to investigate confinement policies in care facilities however which in many countries has been even more extreme than the rules for the general population. This project only deals with the freedom individuals had concerning the entry to and use of public spaces. Bans on gatherings or mask mandates for indoor settings are therefore not covered neither.
This project also does not cover quarantine measures that are targeted towards persons who have been exposed to an infected person or have been tested positively themselves. Quarantine measures for travellers are not covered neither. A policy is treated as a (local) stay-at-home order if the assessment whether someone needed to quarantine was not taken on an individual basis. There have been examples of “quarantines” of entire villages or apartment blocks for example due to a local spike in positive tests. As it is not realistic to assume that everyone within a village or a residential complex has been in close contact with everyone else, these so-called quarantine measures are more realistically labelled as stay-at-home orders and thus covered in my database.
There are various geographical definitions of which countries belong to Europe. For my research, I included all countries that are entirely located in Europe according to the Wikipedia article on Europe. Furthermore, I included Russia and Turkey where a significant share of the population lives in Europe, and Cyprus which is a member of the European Union. I included all microstates except the Vatican. I separately analysed policies in all de-facto independent territories no matter their international recognition. Therefore, Kosovo and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are included as separate entities. This is by no means a political statement on whether these territories should be recognised as independent or not. It merely reflects the status quo that they are independently governed. Initially, I wanted to include Transnistria as well, but as sources were very scarce, it is treated as part of Moldova (which it de jure is).
Sometimes I included information on how many people could gather in public or on the closing of businesses, especially in those countries that did not impose any strict lockdown restrictions. As these policies are not the topic of this research, they are by no means complete. I just included them sometimes to provide a feeling for how strict the overall response was in countries that did not impose stay-at-home orders or curfews. Similarly, I included the variable on bans of leaving one’s district/municipality with a particular focus on those countries and periods where no stricter measures were applied.
While I hope my data is the most complete and detailed on stay-at-home orders in Europe, there certainly are mistakes. If you find any information that is incorrect or incomplete, please do not hesitate to write me an e-mail! Especially for Eastern European countries, I assume that information is missing as I do not speak any Slavic language. I tried to rely as little as possible on automated translation so that most sources are in English or other languages I have at least a basic understanding of.
Completing this dataset meant months of (unpaid) work. Yet, aside from correcting mistakes, there are certainly further areas of improvement. Currently, my data does not reflect the huge diversity of lockdown measures within many countries. To study the effects of stay-at-home orders, it will be crucial to be able to tell who was under a stay-at-home order and who was not. In countries with a huge subnational variety in lockdown policies, my dataset can probably only serve as a first reference that is still more detailed regarding stay-at-home orders than other Covid-19 policy trackers.
|country||date of change||strictest restrictions at strictest time||strictest restrictions at least strict time||least strict restrictions at strictest time||least strict restrictions at least strict time||ban on leaving municipality||description||source|
|Belarus||01.01.2020||0||0||0||0||There have never been any stay-at-home orders, curfews or outside mask mandates in Belarus. People were free to leave their house or even their place of residence. There also have been no ban on contacts.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Belarus
|Denmark||01.01.2020||0||0||0||0||There have never been any stay-at-home orders, curfews or outside mask mandates in Denmark. People were free to leave their house or even their place of residence. Under the strictest regimen, a ban on gatherings of more than 5 persons was imposed.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/denmark/|
|Iceland||01.01.2020||0||0||0||0||There have never been any stay-at-home orders, curfews or outside mask mandates in Iceland. People were free to leave their house or even their place of residence. Under the strictest restriction, the size of gatherings was limited to 10.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/iceland/|
|Liechtenstein||01.01.2020||0||0||0||0||There have been no stay-at-home orders, curfews, or outside mask mandates in Liechtenstein.||internet research|
|Norway||01.01.2020||0||0||0||0||Norway has never introduced stay-at-home orders or curfews. Wearing a mask was never mandatory outside and is not even mandatory inside on a national level, but in cities such as Oslo it is. It was allowed to gather outside with up to 5 people at all times.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/norway
|Sweden||01.01.2020||0||0||0||0||Sweden has never imposed any stay-at-home orders, curfews, or outside mask mandates. A general ban on movement would be unconstitional. There is a ban on gatherings of more than 8 persons in public places, but no stricter measures limiting the free movement of citizens were imposed. Sweden is also one of the few places with no mask mandates at all, just a recommendation to wear them in public transport during rush hour and local recommendations for some other situations.||internet research|
|Italy||23.02.2020||0||0||0||0||2||On 23 February 2020, Italy put 11 villages under quarantine meaning that it was not allowed to enter or exit. Within the villages, all assemblies were banned, but was not prohibited to leave the house. This quarantine was expanded on 14 provinces in Northern Italy from 8 March.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_lockdown_in_Italy
|Italy||08.03.2020||4||4||0||0||2||From 8 March (Northern Italy) on, people needed to fill a form to leave their house stating their name, address and reason for leaving the house. It was allowed to leave for physical activity near from home.||https://www.foxnews.com/world/italy-coronavirus-lockdown-europe-spread
|Italy||09.03.2020||4||4||4||4||1||On 9 March the regulations that previously were only valid for Northern Italy were expanded to the entire country. As it was only allowed to go out alone, young children had no possibility to go out until 1 April when it was clarified that children could go out for a walk close from home together with a parent.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia#Il_primo_decreto_legge
|Spain||12.03.2020||0||0||0||0||2||On 12 March, the first municipalities were put under quarantine, but people could still go out within their municipality.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/spain/
|Estonia||14.03.2020||0||0||0||0||2||Only permanent residents of Estonia's western islands of Hiiumaa, Kihnu, Muhu, Ruhnu, Saarema and Vormsi are permitted to access the islands. They are not allowed to leave their place of residence unless for a justified reason.||https://news.err.ee/1064041/western-estonian-islands-closed-to-all-but-residents
|San Marino||14.03.2020||6||6||6||6||Movement is only allowed for work, health reasons or emergencies. It is forbidden to walk for leisure reasons.||https://www.sanmarinortv.sm/news/politica-c2/nuovo-decreto-legge-in-vigore-fino-al-6-aprile-a185082
|Spain||14.03.2020||6||6||6||6||A nationwide stay-at-home order was imposed: Public space may only be used individually for: purchasing food, necessary pharmaceutical products, and other essential products, assisting health facilities, going to work, returning home, assistance to elderly, minors, dependent persons, handicapped persons or other vulnerable persons, financial and insurance services, for emergencies or higher force. Children were allowed to accompany their parents in one of the allowed tasks. From 30 March to 9 April, leaving to work was only allowed for workers in sectors that were seen as essential. As of 26 April, children under 14 were allowed to go for a 1 hour walk with an adult within a radius of 1 km from home in the time between 9 AM and 9 PM.||https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con
|Albania||16.03.2020||6||6||6||6||An overnight curfew from 6 PM to 6 AM was enforced In Albania beginning from 16 March but it was extended to 18 hours a day only two days later. Also outside of curfew times, people were generally only allowed outside for going to work or to make essential purchases in the ?essential businesses? remaining open. From 19 March, it was only allowed to be outside alone and with an important reason from 6 AM to 10 AM and from 4 PM to 6 PM. Few days later, curfew times were altered again as from 23 March on, it was only allowed to be outside from 5 AM to 1 PM. From 1 PM to 5 AM, the only ones who were allowed to circulate were police and military (who were enforcing the measure), freight transport services, government service units, authorized media personnel, food delivery vehicles, and others with special authorization that needed to be applied for on a website. Even in an emergency situation, people needed to call the police before leaving their house. Anyone outside without a valid reason (e.g. just going for a walk) risked a fine. On Sundays, the strict curfew expanded over the entire day.|
From 30 March on, the stay-at-home order was further strictened so that only one member per household could leave for essential purchases for one hour each day. Residents needed to apply for a permit to leave their homes for essential purposes. From 13 April on, business hours were expanded to 5 AM to 5.30 PM, but only from Monday to Friday while on Saturdays everything stayed close from this day on. From the same day on, people were granted 90 minutes a day for essential shopping with permission. On Sunday, 19 April, mothers with children up to 10 years old were allowed to go outside until 11 AM. On 25 April, elderly citizens were allowed to exercise outside before 11 AM
Starting from 27 April, stay-at-home measures were gradually relaxed. Residents of 11 municipalities could move without authorisation with one more person between 9 AM and 5.30 PM. Retired people were allowed outside in these cities from 6 AM to 8.30 AM as well. In the following weeks, these "green zones" have been expanded to cover further municipalities" On the weekends 2/3 May and 9/10 May, senior citizens were allowed to go out before 10 AM and parents as well as children below 14 were allowed to go out from 11 AM to 5.30 PM.
|Austria||16.03.2020||2||2||2||2||2||From 16 March until 30 April, it was not allowed to enter public spaces unless for emergencies, caretaking of those in need of care, necessary purchases (i.e. groceries, medicine) and professional work. In these cases, it was allowed to enter public spaces alone, with members of the same household, or with pets if a distance of 1m is maintained to others. So technically it was not a stay-at-home order like in many other countries, but a ban on frequenting public space (which is equivalent in its implications). Yet, the wording of the order left room for interpretation and government officials declared that going for a walk would be allowed as well while some legal experts even interpreted the rule in a way that it is allowed to leave the house for any reason as long as distance to others is kept.|
The county of Tyrol put all its municipalities on quarantine which included a stay-at-home order that was valid from 19 March until 13 April. From the used data and sources, it seems that this additional rule had no effect on the freedom of movement of people inside their municipality when compared to the federal stay-at-home order. The main difference was that it was not allowed to leave the municipality of residence unless important reasons could be proven.
On 14 July, the Austrian Constitutional Court ruled that the general ban on entering public spaces was not legal. The laws only permitted the government to ban the access to certain, defined areas, but did not give the government the right to impose a general ban on all public areas or a ban to leave the house. As a reaction to this judgement, the Austrian parliament passed a new pandemic law on 23 September that enabled general stay-at-home orders and mask mandates.
|Czech Republic||16.03.2020||2||2||2||2||A stay-at-home order was passed. Aside from buying essential goods and going to work or to the doctor, people were also allowed to go for a short walk e.g. in a park.||https://deutsch.radio.cz/coronavirus-die-massnahmen-im-ueberblick-8105433|
|Greece||16.03.2020||6||6||0||0||2||The two villages Dragasia and Damaskinia in Voio, Kozani were put under quarantine. People were neither allowed to enter or exit the villages nor to freely circulate within these villages. The quarantine was lifted on 6 April.||https://www.athina984.gr/en/2020/03/16/se-quarantine-dyo-choria-tis-kozanis-logo-koronoioy/
|Moldova||16.03.2020||6||6||0||0||2||The villages Balceana and Sofia were put under quarantine. On 21 March, the town of Sangerei is put under quarantine. The movement through the town was restricted "in particular after 10 PM". Only people who need to make purchases or need the services of the Public Services Agency are allowed to circulate. A news report on 20 April listed Soroca city, Stefan Voda and Glodeni towns, Carahasani Talmaza and Branzeni villages as under quarantine. On 4 May, quarantine was imposed on "Soroca municipality, Stefan Voda town, Talmaza village, Stefan Voda district, Glodeni town, Branzeni village, Edinet district, settlements Etulia and Cismichioi from the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia, Valea Perjei from Cimislia district."||https://regtrends.com/en/2020/03/19/coronavirus-in-moldova-current-situation-and-forecasts/
|Andorra||17.03.2020||6||6||6||6||I have not found a stay-at-home order, but as it was loosened later, such a law was apparently in place. Most probably a stay-at-home order was included in the ban on all unssential activities that took effect on 17 March.|
From 16 April, those who live in even-numbered homes were allowed to go out on even dates, while those who reside in odd-numbered homes on all other days. Houses without a number were allowed to go out on even dates if the name of occupants begins with A-M, and odd days if it starts with N-Z. But going out was only allowed for one hour a day. There were still strict regulations on times depending on who wanted to go out for which purpose: Running or walking fast could take place between 6 am and 9 am or from 6 pm to 9 pm. Andorrans could shop or stroll between 9 am and 11 am or between 2 pm and 7 pm. The time between 11 am and 2 pm was reserved for vulnerable and elderly populations to get out of the house. There is a maximum of 2 km distance from the house.
From 13 May, the 2 km rule fell and further outdoor activities such as mountain hiking, cycling, and fishing were allowed
|Bulgaria||17.03.2020||6||6||0||0||2||The town Bansko was put under quarantine until 31 March. It was not just prohibited to enter or leave the municipality, but also within Bansko, people were only allowed out for food and drug delivery or emergencies. On 18 March, the town Kozloduy introduced a 10 PM to 6 AM curfew with the only reasons for leaving their house at this time being emergencies or work. (end date unknown!)||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bulgaria/
|France (Mainland)||17.03.2020||6||4||6||4||From 17 March, a curfew was in place for the entire country and population. Exceptions were defined that included going to work if not possible to work remotely, professional journeys which couldn?t be postponed, making purchases in stores that remained open as they were deemed necessary, necessary travel for health reasons, travel for imperative family reasons, for the assistance of vulnerable people and for childcare, travels on request of authorities (e.g. obligations to present to police or military, or missions of general interest).From 23 March,a document must be carried that indicates the reason of movement. Furthermore, citizens were allowed to leave their house for one hour a day within the radius of one kilometre for the purpose of physical activity. There have been several local rules including overnight curfews, sometimes only for minors (e.g. Hautmont, Jeumont, Colombes, Asni?res-sur-Seine, Puteaux, Courbevoie, etc.). In Paris, physical activity was prohibited between 10 AM and 7 PM from 8 April (and still only allowed in a very restricted manner as above in the other times).||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_France|
|Belgium||18.03.2020||2||2||2||2||Reasons for leaving the house included essential shopping, medical reasons, care activities, essential work, but also above-mentioned ?cultural, social, festive, folkloric, sportive, or recreative activities?. This left a lot of room for interpretation and thus on 23 March, the stay-at-home order was specified: As of 23 March, all such activities limited to family were allowed and it was explicitly allowed to go for a walk with family members living in the same household and with one more person. It was also explicitly allowed to exercise outdoors with family members living in the same house or with always the same friend, maintaining a distance of 1.5 m. Indeed, physical outdoor activities have even been recommended and encouraged by the government. On the other hand, it was not allowed to rest in public.||https://www.brusselstimes.com/belgium/101016/coronavirus-belgium-takes-far-reaching-measures-from-wednesday/
|Germany||18.03.2020||6||6||0||0||2||Mitterteich, Bavaria, was the first German municipality to issue a stay-at-home order. Up to 2 April, residents had to stay home unless for important reasons such as going to work or caring for animals. Outside activities such as sport or going for a walk were not accepted as important reasons. The first German state to issue a stay-at-home order was Bavaria. From 21 March, people needed a reason to leave their house. Going out for a walk or physical exercise was allowed alone or with people from the same household. Soon after, several other German states followed. From 23 March, in 6 of 16 provinces, a stay-at-home order was in place (Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt) Going out for a walk or for exercise was allowed everywhere, alone, with members of the same household, or (except for Bavaria) with one person from another household. While the rules on contacts were the same in the other 10 provinces, no stay-at-home orders were in place. However, stricter local stay-at-home orders that didn't allow for outdoor leisure activities were passed e.g. in Neustadt, Thruringia (25/3 to 5/4), Jessen, Saxony-Anhalt (26/3 to 6/4)||https://www.kreis-tir.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Ausgangssperre_MIT.pdf
|Luxembourg||18.03.2020||2||2||2||2||The use of public spaces was restricted to a set of reasons. These included individual recreational activities alone or with members of the same household.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/luxembourg/
|Monaco||18.03.2020||2||2||2||2||Circulation was restricted to essential employment, grocery shopping, family assistance or childcare, health reasons, leaving pets, and exercise. On 20 March, playgrounds, public gardens, and access to the coast were closed. Going for a walk alone or with members of the same household was allowed.||https://www.monacomatin.mc/sante/face-a-lune-des-pires-crises-sanitaires-le-prince-albert-ii-annonce-le-renforcement-des-mesures-de-confinement-en-principaute-482387
|Portugal||18.03.2020||6b||6b||6b||6b||People were forced to stay home. People aged 70 or older were only allowed to go out to make essential purchases, health care provision or pet walking. For people under 70, it was additionally allowed to leave home in order go to work if working from home is not possible, visiting vulnerable people who need help, family reasons, judicial reasons, going to the bank or post office, volunteering, short walks, open-air physical exercise.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/
|Serbia||18.03.2020||6||6b||6||6b||A strict curfew was imposed on all citizens from 8 PM to 5 AM. For those older than 65 in places with more than 5000 inhabitants, and older than 70 years everywhere, a strict stay-at-home order was imposed, i.e. movement is restricted not only during curfew hours. Elderly people may only leave to go to selected grocery stores on Sundays between 3 AM and 8 AM (later rom 4 AM to 7 AM).On 21 March, the curfew was extended to 5 PM to 5 AM, a ban on public transport was set in place, spending time in parks and public spaces intended for recreation and sport was banned. On 28 March, the curfew was extended to last from 3 PM Saturday to 3 AM Sunday and from 3 PM Sunday to 5 AM Monday.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/serbia/|
|Czech Republic||19.03.2020||3||3||3||3||Wearing masks was now mandatory everywhere in public.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/czechrepublic/|
|Switzerland||19.03.2020||4b||4b||0||0||In the Canton Uri, people 65 or older must stay home with the exceptions of medical visits after prior phonecall, funerals of close relative, and essential work in the health sector. Going for shopping is not allowed, but going for a walk for maximally 2 hours a day, alone or with one other person was.||https://www.luzernerzeitung.ch/zentralschweiz/uri/kanton-uri-verhaengt-ausgangsbeschraenkung-fuer-ueber-65-jaehrige-personen-ld.1205945|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||22.03.2020||6||6b||6||6b||Legislation can generally differ in the two semi-autonomous states Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH) and Republic Srpska (RS). On 21 March both regions introduced a stay-at-home order for seniors over the age of 65. In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, minors under 18 were also obliged to stay home. The only exceptions were for minors in their parents? car or for elderly people few hours on certain days to pick up their pensions. In the Republic Srpska, people over 65 were allowed to be outside on Tuesdays and Fridays from 7 AM to 10 AM or from 7 AM to 11 AM from 31 March. In FBIH as of 6 April from 8-12 AM.|
For everyone below 65 (in Srpska) or between 18 and 64 (in the Federation), a night curfew was announced. In the Federation, the curfew initially lasted from 6 PM to 5 AM, but the times were changed to 8 PM to 5 AM from 29 March. The curfew was lifted on 24 April, but was reintroduced for the weekend from 1 May to 3 May. In the Republic Srpska, curfew times were from 8 PM to 5 AM from the beginning. In Br?ko district, the curfew spanned from 9 PM to 5 AM. In both, Srpska and Brcko, the curfew times were changed to 10 PM to 5 AM from 7 May and the the curfew was in force until 22 May.
|North Macedonia||22.03.2020||6||0||6||0||From 22 March, restrictions on movement between 9 PM and 6 AM were enforced. On 24 March, curfew hours were revised to end at 5 AM. From 25 March, the rules were further strictened so that people over 67 were only allowed to go outside from 5 AM to 11 AM and minors of age were only allowed outside between noon and 9 PM. From 26 March, curfew hours were 4 PM to 5 AM on Saturdays and Sundays. |
On 13 March, the municipalities of Debar and Centar ?upa were quarantined. This included a ban on all movement inside or outside, but I found no reports about whether citizens were not allowed to move within these towns. On 24 March, Kumanovo was put under quarantine as well.
|Switzerland||22.03.2020||0||0||0||0||On 20 March, the stay-at-home order for older people was lifted again after the federal government stated that it is not allowed for the canton to impose such an order.||https://www.luzernerzeitung.ch/zentralschweiz/uri/regierung-lenkt-ein-uri-hebt-ausgangssperre-fuer-senioren-auf-ld.1206375|
|Turkey||22.03.2020||6b||6b||6b||6b||People aged 65 or older and people who suffer chronic illnesses were restricted to leave their home and to walk in open areas such as parks or gardens.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Turkey
|Croatia||23.03.2020||0||0||0||0||1||From 23 March until 20 April, Croatians were not allowed to leave their place of residence. Exceptions were for indispensable labour (e.g. in transport, health sector, or journalists) and ?vital family reasons?. There is no information that people needed specific reasons to circulate within their place of residence.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/croatia/
|Greece||23.03.2020||6||6||4||4||1||All movement within Greece was banned with the exception of a set of reasons. Aside of working and essential shopping, this also included exercising individually or in pairs or walking a pet in the proximity of one's home. Citizens leaving their home were required to carry their ID or passport as well as some certification explaining the reason for their movement. This certification could be obtained either by filling a form on a special government website or by sending a free text message to a government number or it was possible to carry a handwritten declaration. These certifications needed to include the name, home adress, time of departure from home, and the reason for movement.|
On 31 March and for a duration of 14 days, in some municipalities a nighttime curfew was imposed from 8 PM to 8 AM. The municipalities included Kastoria, Orestida, Nestoria, Xanthi, and Myki. At the same time, exceptions for outdoor exercise were abolished in these communities and walking pets was only allowed for 15 minutes a day. On Mykonos and Santorini, the same measures were applied from 5 April for 14 days. On 9 April, a roma settlement in Larissa with approximately 3000 residents was put under a strict quarantine. While some media reports stated the entire settlement was put under quarantine, other sources claim that only few families were strictly quarantined thus it was probably not a local stay-at-home order but counts as a "regular" quarantine for contact persons and is not added to this data for now.
|Northern Cyprus||23.03.2020||6||6||6||6||A stay-at-home order is issued. People were allowed to go out to go to supermarkets, pharmacies, gas stations, hospitals, and banks, but not to exercise. From 31 March, an even stricter curfew was imposed between 9 PM and 6 AM.||https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-cyprus-imposes-partial-curfew-153207
|Romania||23.03.2020||6||0||6||0||A curfew from 10 PM to 6 AM was imposed. During the day, movement was allowed with a maximum of 3 people.||https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-romania-idUSL8N2BE0XD|
|Slovenia||23.03.2020||2||2||2||2||Gatherings and movement of people in public were banned. It was allowed to leave home to work, for medical reasons or to buy groceries at the closest shop. People were also allowed to go outdoors and to parks, but only with people living in the same household.||https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/news/5892-morning-headlines-for-slovenia|
|Cyprus||24.03.2020||4||4||4||4||From 24 March until 30 April, all movement was prohibited except for work-related reasons, the supply of basic necessities if shipping is not possible, visiting a doctor or pharmacy, for bank services if electronic transactions are not possible, for helping others in need of assistance, family ceremonies including first and second degree relatives such as funerals, weddings, and christenings, not exceeding ten people. It was also allowed to circulate for the purpose of physical exercise or for the needs of a pet, provided that there are not more than two people and they remain limited in areas adjacent to their residence. Everyone had to carry an ID and a proof for the purpose of their movement.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/cyprus/|
|Kosovo||24.03.2020||6||0||6||0||The government prohibited the circulation of citizens and private vehicles between 10 AM and 4 PM and from 8 PM to 6 AM "except for medical needs, production, supply and sale of essential goods [?] and for services and activities related to pandemic management". On 28 March, curfew hours were changed to 5 PM to 6 AM.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Kosovo
|Montenegro||24.03.2020||6||6||0||0||For the town of Tuzi, an unconditional stay-at-home order was imposed. In the rest of the country, people could still freely circulate alone or with one other person.||https://www.total-montenegro-news.com/news/5466-covid-19-in-montenegro-47-cases-one-death-update-march-24-2020|
|Moldova||25.03.2020||6||6||6||6||2||Persons older than 63 were forced to stay home unless they go to work, see a doctor, make purchases, or have "other justified reasons" like caring for a pet. On 27 March, the stay-at-home order was extended to the entire population. On 27 April, walking in parks was added to the list of exceptions for the lockdown. It is unclear when the stay-at-home order ended for most people. For those over 63, it never stopped.|
In the de facto independently governed region of Transnistria, a stay-at-home order was imposed as of 1 April. Leaving the house is only allowed in exceptional cases buying food or pharmacies at the nearest shop, to assist people in need of care, or to work. It was later clarified that walking with a child to fresh air was welcome, but "aimless walking on the streets" would not be tolerated.
|Poland||25.03.2020||2||2||2||2||As of 25 March, it was only allowed to be outside for "necessary everyday activities". These included going to work, shopping, medical visits, walking dogs, jogging, cycling, and walking provided that no more than 2 people are outside together (except for family).||https://notesfrompoland.com/2020/03/24/poland-restricts-leaving-home-and-gatherings-of-over-two-people-in-new-coronavirus-measures/|
|Romania||25.03.2020||6||6||6||6||A stay-at-home order was imposed. Persons over the age of 65 had to remain home at all times. Others were allowed to leave for work with a signed note from their employer, and to buy groceries. The army joined the police in controlling the stay-at-home order.||https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-romania-idUSL8N2BH4LL
|United Kingdom||26.03.2020||4||4||0||0||A stay-at-home order was imposed. There are media reports about it being in force from 24 March, but legally it seems to have come into force on 26 March in England and Wales, on 27 March in Scotland and on 28 March in Northern Ireland. It was only allowed to leave the house for "reasonable excuses" These included, but were not limited to: Exercise (alone or with one other member of the household), essential work that cannot be done from home, essential purchases, medical needs or providing care for others. Gatherings of more than two people were banned. However, there was a lot of confusion about the permit to leave the house for exercise. According to the Prime Minister, NHS website, and several media reports, it was only allowed to exercise once a day. This was not indicated in the English, Scottish or Northern Irish law, however. Apparently, the government spread misleading information on what was allowed. In the Welsh law, it was indeed indicated that people were only allowed to exercise once a day.|
Vulnerable persons were asked to "shield", i.e. to completely stay at home and isolate themselves. This was not a compulsory measure though. BBC wrote of people "being allowed" to go outside in May however after they "should" have shielded, so even though shielding was never compulsory, authoritarian language was used in communicating the measure.
|Finland||27.03.2020||0||0||0||0||2||Travel to and from the Uusima region (including the capital Helsinki) was limited to those who have a "valid reason".||https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/finlands_looming_lockdown_what_will__and_wont__be_allowed/11857799
|Ireland||27.03.2020||6||6||6||6||A stay-at-home order was imposed. People aged 70 or older or with certain medical conditions were told to "cocoon" which included not leaving the house at all and even keeping distant from others within the household. For those younger than 70 and not suffering one of several medical conditions, brief individual exercise was allowed within a 2 km radius from home.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/ireland/|
|Turkey||27.03.2020||6b||6b||6b||6b||2||Several villages were put under quarantine, not allowing any entrance or exit to/from these villages. On 30 March, a total of 39 residential areas was under quarantine. |
On 15 April, 227 residential areas in 58 provinces were quarantined.
On April 3, the stay-at-home order was extended to young people under 20 years of age.
|Hungary||28.03.2020||2||2||2||2||From 27 March, people were only allowed to leave their house for work or basic needs.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/hungary/
|Malta||28.03.2020||6b||6b||6b||6b||Anyone over 65 years, pregnant women, as well as people with a set of medical problems must stay home. They were allowed outside only for attending medical appointments, to buy food, medicine, and other necessities, and for "absolutely essential or urgent" needs. People who live with others who are locked down also must stay home, but there were further exceptions which included going to work, and excercising child custody or visitation rights.||https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/lockdown-questions-and-some-answers.781301
|United Kingdom||28.03.2020||4||4||2||2||On 28 March, the lockdown came into force in Northern Ireland bringing it in line with the rest of the UK. But according to the law, there doesn't seem to have been a restriction in place to just leave once a day in Northern Ireland.|
(Apparently, in Guernsey, there was a limit of spending a maximum of two hours outdoors for exercise or recreational activities as it was announced on 5 May that this time will be extended to four hours. Similarly, on Jersey it was announced on 2 May, that it was allowed to spend 4 hours outside the home (not just exercise). Jersey and Guernsey are actually not part of the UK, but are dependencies of the british crown.)
On 16 April, BBC reported of published police guidelines explaining what counts as a "reasonable excuse" to be outside and what doesn't. For instance, it was clarified that a short break during a long walk was okay, but "A very short period of 'exercise' to excuse a long period of inactivity may mean that the person is not engaged in 'exercise' but in fact something else,"
In England, from 13 May, it was allowed to take unlimited exercise and to enjoy parks and public spaces without exercising (to visit a public open space for the purposes of open-air recreation to promote their physical or mental health or emotional wellbeing) alone, with persons from the same household or with one person from another household. The general advice changed from "stay home" to "stay alert". This change was not brought forward in the other parts of the UK: In Wales and in Scotland, from 11 May, it was also declared that it was allowed to exercise more than once a day (even though the law never restricted it in Scotland), but picnics or sunbathing were not allowed. In Wales, it was also clarified not to travel "a significant distance" from home. In Scotland, it was on 29 May, that "outdoor recreation" was allowed as a "reasonable excuse".
While before it was just a crime to leave the house, from 22 April it was changed in England to being outside the house so that people could not e.g. leave the house to go to the supermarket but then stay outside to have a picnic afterwards. Similar changes happened in the other parts of the UK.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||29.03.2020||7||7b||6||6b||Since 29 March, In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, masks had to be worn generally in public.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bosniaandherzegovina/|
|Russia||29.03.2020||6||6||0||0||From 29 March, a stay-at-home order was imposed in Chechnya. In Moscow, from 30 March, people were only allowed to go out to the nearest grocery shop or pharmacy, for approved essential work, for emergencies, or to walk their dog within a 100 m distance from home. From 15 April, a permit was needed for the use of any means of transport in Moscow, private or public. Similar orders were announced in nearly all other parts of the country over the next few days.In Moscow, from 1 June on, outdoor sports and walks were allowed three times a week according to a schedule. On 9 June, freedom of movement was restored in Moscow.||https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2020/03/29/moscow-orders-citywide-quarantine-starting-march-30-a69789
|Slovenia||29.03.2020||2||2||2||2||1||People now needed a reason to leave their municipality. Going to parks was only allowed within the municipality of residence.||https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/politics/5951-covid-19-slovenia
|Estonia||30.03.2020||2||2||0||0||2||On the islands of Saaremaa and Muhu people had to stay at home. "It is allowed to go to the grocery store, the pharmacy and the doctor. It is only allowed to go to work if it is not possible to do distance work. It is allowed to take children to the kindergarten and bring them home from there. If needed, it is allowed to go to take care of the elderly, the disabled and those in need of help, in that case personal protective equipment must definitely be used. It is allowed to go for a walk or a workout with family or one other person. Pets can be taken out and to the veterinarian. It is allowed to move in your own garden or on your own property, to do forestry or farm work at home, to fish, to do gardening. It is allowed to go to the post office or a parcel terminal. A person must have an ID document with them when moving around outside. A general 2+2 rule applies to moving around outside, according to which only 2 people can be in a public space together and a 2 metre distance must be kept from others."||https://news.err.ee/1070213/government-statement-saaremaa-and-muhu-restrictions|
|Bulgaria||30.03.2020||7||7||1||1||It was made mandatory to wear masks everywhere in public.||https://www.novinite.com/articles/204102/As+of+Today%2C+Wearing+Masks+in+Public+Places+in+Bulgaria+is+Mandatory|
|Cyprus||30.03.2020||6||4||6||4||Among other changes, from this day on, it was only allowed to leave the house once a day. Furthermore, all movement between 9 PM and 6 AM was prohibited.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/cyprus/|
|Montenegro||30.03.2020||6||6||6||6||A nationwide curfew was imposed from 7 PM to 5 AM Monday to Friday and from 1 PM on Saturday to 5 AM on Monday. All "sports and recreational activities" were banned on all public areas. From 5 April, the curfew hours were changed to 7 PM to 5 AM on weekdays and 1 PM to 5 AM on weekends. It seems that there wasn't any ban on recreational activities anymore when alone following 8 April, but just a ban on the presence of persons on beaches, bathing areas and picnic areas. Yet, given that the responsible government body announced that individual outdoor activity was allowed from 21 April, the stay-at-home order presumably remained in place. There was a curfew from Sunday 11 AM to Monday 5 AM. The lockdown of Tuzi has ended. From 15 April 2020, there was a curfew from 7 PM to 5 AM on weekends, Saturday between 1 PM and 5 AM, and Sunday 11 AM to 5 PM. Persons with pets were allowed to be out for 60 minutes within curfew times.||https://www.total-montenegro-news.com/news/5473-covid-19-in-montenegro-109-cases-new-measures-justified-update-march-31-2020
|Romania||30.03.2020||6||6||6||6||2||Some villages were additionally put under quarantine in the next days: Suceave from 30 March until 13 May and Tandarei from 4 April until 11 May.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania|
|Slovakia||30.03.2020||1||1||1||1||Face masks were made mandatory in all public areas.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/slovakia/
|Bulgaria||31.03.2020||6||0||0||0||The Bansko quarantine ended. After just one day, the general mask mandate was overturned again. On the same day, the Stara Zagora province announced a curfew from 9 PM to 5 AM (end date unknown!)||https://bnr.bg/de/post/101249650/quarantane-blockade-in-bansko-wird-am-31-marz-aufgehoben
|Poland||01.04.2020||6||6||6||6||From 1 April on, people are banned from going out except for going to work (where working from home is not possible), medical visits, shopping for groceries and medicine, walking pets. Sports and leisure activities were not allowed in public anymore. Parks, boulevards, and most forests were closed. Minors may only go out together with an adult.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/poland/|
|Serbia||02.04.2020||6||6||6||6||The weekend curfew was subsequently expanded, to Saturday 1 PM - Monday 5 AM from 2 April and to Friday 5 PM to Monday 5 AM from 9 April. Over Easter, a complete curfew was in place from Friday 17 April 5 PM to Tuesday 21 April 5 AM. "The Government announced that as of April 20, citizens over the age of 65 would be allowed to go out three times a week for half an hour and 300 meters away from their home. It was also announced that children with autism and other disabilities and their parents will be allowed to have a walk during the curfew up to 200 meters away from home. " As of 27 April, persons over 65 were allowed to go for a walk for one hour between 6 PM and 1 AM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/serbia/|
|North Macedonia||03.04.2020||6||6||6||0||A complete ban on movement during the weekend was imposed on the municipality of Kumanovo. On weekends, only police, army, health professionals, and farmers were allowed to move around and exclusively for work.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/northmacedonia/
|Kosovo||04.04.2020||6||6||6||0||2||Two towns in Northern Kosovo were put under quarantine including a stay-at-home order. People could only go out to buy food and medicine.||https://exit.al/en/2020/04/04/two-serb-majority-towns-in-kosovo-put-under-coronavirus-lockdown/|
|France (Mainland)||06.04.2020||7||5||6||4||The city of Sceaux introduced a universal mask mandate.||https://www.sceaux.fr/presse/sceaux-premiere-ville-des-hautsdeseine-a-distribuer-des-masques-barrieres-a-tous-ses-habitants|
|Northern Cyprus||06.04.2020||6||6||6||6||1||A ban on movements between districts was imposed.||https://www.emu.edu.tr/en/news/announcements/decisions-regarding-extension-of-measures-taken-relating-to-coronavirus-covid-19/1208/pid/3382
|Ukraine||06.04.2020||7b||7b||6b||6b||From 6 April, people over 60 years of age were only allowed to go outside within 2 km from their home to make essential purchases. From 6 April, a mask had to be worn in all public places. This did not cover all streets, but e.g. in Kiew, a mask had to be worn within 50 m of every bus station. Also, it was banned to be outside without an ID and going to public parks, squares, recreation areas, forest parks, and coastal areas was banned, except for walking a pet. Many public places were closed for the public, including squares. Not more than 2 persons were allowed to be together in public space. Before, on 17 March, commercial intercity road travel was banned and the metro in Kyiv, Kharkiv and Dnipro stopped operating, intercity travel by train stopped on the next day. But private travel was allowed. From 11 May, parks, squares etc. were made open for the public again.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/ukraine/
|Germany||07.04.2020||2||2||0||0||With the end of the quarantine in Jessen, only the stay-at-home orders of 6 of 16 provinces remain in place which all allow for outdoor sports and leisure activities when alone (or with one other person except for Bavaria)||https://www.lvz.de/Region/Mitteldeutschland/Corona-Quarantaene-in-Jessen-aufgehoben-Keine-Neuinfektionen
|Moldova||08.04.2020||6||6||6b||6b||2||While the stay-at-home order for people over 63 remains, others (outside of quarantined zones) were not subject to it anymore. People over 63 may go outside for work reasons or between 9 AM and 1 PM for other essential reasons (purchasing food or medicine)||https://www.moldpres.md/en/news/2020/04/08/20003032|
|North Macedonia||08.04.2020||6||6||6||6||From 8 April, curfew times were shifted to 4 PM to 5 AM on weekdays and to 4 PM on Friday until 5 AM on Monday over the entire weekend with the same exceptions as in Kumanovo before. There were three time frames of 30 minutes each on weekend days where people were allowed to walk a pet within 100 m from the house. Much stricter time frames were decided on for people over 67 or under 18. Citizens were not allowed to gather in public with more than one other person.|
From Friday 17 April 4 PM to Tuesday, 21 April 5 AM, no movement was allowed. Movement in all "picnic places, parks and forests" was already banned from 16 April 4 PM to 21 April, 5 AM.
|Slovakia||08.04.2020||3||3||3||3||1||It is only allowed to go out for travelling to and from work, shopping essentials, delivering products to help neighbours, urgent health reasons, taking a trip to nature (but just within a district or within the cities of Bratislava and Kosice), going to a funeral, or for looking after a relative who needs care (also just within a district/city)||https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22378841/slovakia-to-fine-people-for-non-essential-easter-travels.html|
|France (Mainland)||09.04.2020||6||4||6||4||The mask mandate in Sceaux was taken back after a court ruled it to be possibly illegal.||https://www.sceaux.fr/presse/sceaux-premiere-ville-des-hautsdeseine-a-distribuer-des-masques-barrieres-a-tous-ses-habitants|
|Slovakia||09.04.2020||5||5||3||3||1||Five roma settlements in Eastern Slovakia were put under quarantine. Apparently there was no strict quarantine within the settlements, but as these are just settlements within a village, I assume that there is little space and it's more of a stay-at-home order. Also, a mayor is cited in the sourced article telling residents to stay home.||https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22379925/thousands-of-people-quarantined-in-five-roma-communities.html
|Lithuania||10.04.2020||1||1||1||1||Face masks were made mandatory in all public areas. From 10 April 8 PM to 13 April 8 PM, all inter-municipality travel was banned. Apart from this, even though the country was under a self-labelled "quarantine" people could freely move alone, with members of the same household, or with one person of another household.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Lithuania
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||11.04.2020||7||7b||7||6b||Since 11 April, it was mandatory to wear a mask in the Republic Srpska as well. |
On 22 April, the Constitutional Court ruled that the restrictions on elderly and minors are discriminatory and disproportionate. As of 24 April, in the FBIH, minors could leave their homes on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays between 2 PM and 8 PM. Elderly (above 65) could leave their homes on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays between the hours of 0900-1300. As of 27 April, seniors in the Republic Srpska were allowed to leave their home between 7 AM and 10 AM for three hours on every workday.
|Turkey||11.04.2020||6||6||6b||6b||2||A weekend curfew was introduced in 31 provinces. This included the weekends 11 and 12 April and 18 and 19 April. A 4-day lockdown was imposed between 23 April and 27 April on 31 provinces. A 3-day lockdown was imposed between 1 May and 3 May on 31 provinces. The weekend curfew was imposed on 9 and 10 May, another 4-day-curfew was imposed in 15 provinces from 16 to 19 May.||https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey-to-continue-with-weekend-curfews-153836
|Bulgaria||12.04.2020||1||7||1||1||It was made mandatory to wear masks everywhere in public again.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bulgaria/
|Slovakia||14.04.2020||5||5||1||1||2||The end of the Easter lockdown.||https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22378841/slovakia-to-fine-people-for-non-essential-easter-travels.html|
|Bulgaria||15.04.2020||7||7||1||1||2||The town Panicherevo was put under quarantine with a local stay-at-home order until 28 April.||https://www.mh.government.bg/bg/novini/aktualno/ss-zapoved-na-zdravniya-ministr-na-panicherevo/|
|Finland||15.04.2020||0||0||0||0||There have never been any stay-at-home orders, curfews or outside mask mandates in Finland. The government planned to impose a stay-at-home order in Helsinki and Turku end March 2021, but it was ruled out again due to legal concerns as it was found to be unconstitutional.||https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-finland-lockdown-idUSKBN2BN2QU
|Kosovo||15.04.2020||7||7||7||7||Movement of persons was restricted to 90 minutes per day during a time slot based on the the penultimate digit of the ID. In these 90 minutes, it was allowed to move alone in order to perform financial tasks, seek medical help, or purchase essential items. Mouth and nose had to be covered at all times when outside the house.||https://prishtinainsight.com/further-restrictions-on-movement-put-in-place/|
|Lithuania||16.04.2020||1||1||1||1||2||The town of Nemen?in? was quarantined. Only those who live or work there were allowed in, others needed a special permission. Leaving the town was allowed for work and health reasons. Within Nemen?in? movement was not restricted.||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1163602/lithuania-to-seal-off-town-to-contain-coronavirus-hotspot|
|Moldova||16.04.2020||7||7||6b||6b||In the independently ruled Transnistria, mask wearing was made mandatory in all public spaces. There is no information as to whether the rules changed since spring 2020. The quarantine regime has been prolonged several times and still seems to be in place, but walking and exercise appear to be tolerated.||https://www.ipn.md/en/mask-wearing-mandatory-in-transnistrian-region-7967_1072930.html
|Poland||16.04.2020||7||7||7||7||Mouth and nose had to be covered at all public places.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/poland/|
|Greece||20.04.2020||4||4||4||4||1||As no conflicting evidence was found, the harsher lockdown on Mykonos and Santorini presumably ended after 14 days as initially planned.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Greece#Response_measures
|Poland||20.04.2020||1||1||1||1||From 20 April on, it was allowed to go outside for recreational purposes. Forests and parks were opened again and running and cycling was allowed "if one's mental condition depends on it". Also minors over 13 were allowed to go out alone again.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/poland/|
|Croatia||21.04.2020||0||0||0||0||The ban on leaving the municipality ended.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/croatia/
|Montenegro||21.04.2020||6||0||6||0||From 21 April, citizens were allowed to leave their house every day until 11 PM. The national coordination body also stated that outdoor activities would be allowed individually.||https://www.total-montenegro-news.com/news/5495-covid-19-in-montenegro-nkt-mitigated-some-measures-update-april-21-2020
|North Macedonia||22.04.2020||7||7||6||6||As of 22 April, masks had to be worn at all public places in Kumanovo, Tetovo, and Prilep. As of 23 April, weekday curfews will be from 7 PM to 5 AM and on the weekend all circulation was banned between Saturday 3 PM until Monday 5 AM. Elderly are only allowed to go out between 5 AM or 10 AM (conflicting sources) and noon on weekdays and between 5 AM and 11 AM on Saturdays, minors between 1 PM and 7 PM on weekdays and between noon and 3 PM on Saturdays.|
There was a temporary tightening of curfew hours over the 1 May weekend. Masks had to be worn throughout the country when a distance of 2 m toward others cannot be ensured.
|Lithuania||23.04.2020||1||1||1||1||As no opposing sources were found, I assume that the quarantine ended as planned.||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1163602/lithuania-to-seal-off-town-to-contain-coronavirus-hotspot|
|Czech Republic||24.04.2020||1||1||1||1||The stay-at-home order was lifted after a court found it to be unlawful due to formal reasons.||https://www.faz.net/aktuell/gesellschaft/gesundheit/coronavirus/tschechien-hebt-corona-beschraenkungen-nach-gerichtsurteil-auf-16739376.html|
|Northern Cyprus||24.04.2020||7||7||7||7||1||Face masks were made mandatory in all public areas.|
As of 8 May (at the latest), the daytime stay-at-home order was only in place on Sundays and the night curfew for all nights.
|Bulgaria||27.04.2020||6||6||0||0||2||Masks were not required outdoors anymore. (according to Wikipedia this is from 1 May!)||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bulgaria/|
|San Marino||27.04.2020||0||0||0||0||The curfew ended.||http://www.libertas.sm/notizie/2021/04/26/tolte-a-san-marino-le-restrizioni-su-spostamenti-ristoranti-cinema-e-teatri.html|
|Estonia||28.04.2020||0||0||0||0||2||The stay-at-home order on Saaremaa and Muhu was lifted.||https://www.valitsus.ee/en/news/special-notice-restrictions-emergency-situation-will-be-eased-saaremaa-and-muhu-island|
|Bulgaria||28.04.2020||0||0||0||0||The Panicherevo quarantine presumably ended.||https://www.mh.government.bg/bg/novini/aktualno/ss-zapoved-na-zdravniya-ministr-na-panicherevo/|
|Netherlands||28.04.2020||0||0||0||0||The curfew was not prolonged.||https://www.faz.net/aktuell/gesellschaft/gesundheit/coronavirus/niederlande-beenden-lockdown-und-oeffnen-laeden-trotz-hoher-inzidenz-17315510.html|
|Slovenia||30.04.2020||2||2||2||2||People were free to travel outside their municipality as they are within. It is unclear to what extent outdoor activities were allowed. It seems that individual movement such as swimming was allowed while sunbathing is not.||https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/politics/6144-covid-19-slovenia
|Austria||01.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home order was lifted taking effect on this date.||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19-Pandemie_in_%C3%96sterreich|
|Spain||02.05.2020||6||4||6||4||From 2 May, people living in municipalities with fewer than 5000 inhabitants and with a small population density were allowed to go for a walk with one co-habitant and do sports alone once a day within 5 km from home, and keeping a distance toward others. People living in municipalities with over 5,000 inhabitants may go for a walk or do sports once a day as well, but only within 1 km from home and they had to follow a timetable: Non-institutionalised people over 70 and dependent people can go out between 10 AM to noon and 7 PM to 8 PM, people between 14 and 70 can go out from 6 AM to 10 AM and from 8 PM to 11 PM. Children can go out between noon and 7 PM (max. 3 children with one adult).|
The further deescalation strategy differentiated between regions depending on the local incidence. In phase 1, gatherings of up to 10 persons were allowed, but the timetables for going out remained. It is unclear whether movement was still restricted to 1 km. On the one hand, this restriction was not lifted, on the other hand, it was allowed to move with a group of up to 10 persons within the province/island/sanitary division. Because it was not explicitly lifted, I assume that the 1 km rule could still be enforced in phase 1 even though it probably wasn't at most places.
Movement was allowed In phase 2, for people under 70, going out was allowed at all times except between 10 AM and noon and between 7 PM and 8 PM. At these two time slots, only people over 70 were allowed to go out.
The first islands passed to phase 1 on 4 May and on 6 May, the first municipaities passed to phase 2.
Since 21 May, face masks are mandatory everywhere where a distance of 2m to others cannot be maintained.
|Portugal||03.05.2020||4||4||4||4||The state of emergency ended and I found no evidence, that the total lockdown for elderly people remained in force afterwards. Short walks remain allowed, individually or with members of the same household.||https://www.visitportugal.com/en/content/covid-19-measures-implemented-portugal
|Germany||04.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home orders ended on 3 May.||https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/politik/coronavirus-kontaktbeschraenkung-ausgangsbeschraenkung-bundeslaender-100.html|
|Greece||04.05.2020||0||0||0||0||1||Restriction of movement were lifted within the municipality and no certificate was needed anymore to leave the house.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/greece
|Hungary||04.05.2020||2||2||0||0||The stay-at-home restrictions were lifted for the entire country with the exception of Budapest.||https://www.dw.com/de/europa-l%C3%B6st-sich-mit-aller-vorsicht-vom-corona-lockdown/a-53321823
|Italy||04.05.2020||2||2||2||2||From 4 May, it was allowed to move within one's region, but a form still had to be carried.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia
|Monaco||04.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home order was lifted.||https://www.pressreader.com/monaco/monaco-matin/20200429/page/1
|Ireland||05.05.2020||4||4||4||4||The "cocooning" policy was loosened so that older people could now leave their house if they avoid contact with other people. At the same time, the 2 km limit was converted to a 5 km limit in which exercise was allowed.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/ireland/|
|San Marino||05.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home order was lifted. Movement is allowed while respecting social distancing rules (no gatherings, keeping a distance, wearing masks when close to others)||http://www.libertas.sm/repository/editor_files/decreto-legge_68-2020.pdf|
|Serbia||06.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The state of emergency and the related stay-at-home policies were lifted. On 7 July, a new curfew was announced by the presidents but following protests and riots, these plans were cancelled before they were implemented.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/serbia/
|Estonia||08.05.2020||0||0||0||0||Travel restrictions between the islands and the mainland were lifted.||https://www.valitsus.ee/en/news/special-notice-tomorrow-movement-restrictions-between-islands-and-mainland-estonia-will-be|
|Belgium||08.05.2020||1||1||0||0||The curfew ended.||https://www.rtbf.be/info/societe/detail_manger-en-terrasse-au-restaurant-sortir-tard-recevoir-chez-soi-faire-du-sport-et-evenements-en-plein-air-ce-qui-change-ce-samedi-8-mai?id=10756998|
|North Macedonia||08.05.2020||7||1||6||0||The weekend curfew was relaxed. It was allowed to leave the house between 5 AM and 7 PM on all days of the week.|
Following a decision of the Constitutional Court, from 16 May, the rules for elderly and minors were lifted and the same curfew hours applied for the entire population thereafter. This meant that all people were banned from circulating between 7 PM and 5 AM.
|Turkey||10.05.2020||7b||7b||7b||7b||2||On 10 May and on following Sundays, people over 65 were allowed to go out between 11 AM and 3 PM. They were allowed to go out only within walking distance from their home and wearing masks. Children under 14 were allowed the same on 13 May during the same hours and 15 to 20 year olds on 15 May. These age groups (young people and elderly) had to wear a mask at all times when outside. In 23 provinces, a general mask mandate was imposed. In the following weeks (unclear when exactly) the stay-at-home order was lifted for 18 to 20 years olds and those under 18 were allowed outside on Wednesdays for some hours. |
Were the weekend curfews only regionally imposed before, for a long weekend during Eid-al-Fitr holiday, a 4-day nationwide curfew was imposed on Turkey (23 May to 26 May). People are only allowed to shop at the closest grocery store.
|France (Mainland)||11.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home order expired and movement was now only restricted to remain within a 100 km radius.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_France|
|Luxembourg||11.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The restrictions on going out were lifted and replaced with rules that only address gatherings.||http://legilux.public.lu/eli/etat/leg/rgd/2020/03/18/a165/consolide/20200504
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||14.05.2020||7||1||1||1||On 14 May, restriction of movement for both minors and the elderly were abolished in both FBIH and RS. As the curfew had already been abolished on 24 April, freedom of movement was restored for the entire population in FBIH. In the RS, the curfew was shortened to 10 PM to 5 AM on 7 May.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bosniaandherzegovina/|
|Lithuania||14.05.2020||0||0||0||0||Wearing face masks was no longer mandatory in outdoor spaces (but recommended).||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1178092/lithuania-eases-restrictions-indoor-cafes-to-open-masks-no-longer-mandatory|
|Romania||14.05.2020||6||6||6||6||The quarantine of Suceave ended.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania|
|Greece||15.05.2020||1||7||0||0||1||After an outbreak in a roma settlement in Larissa, a local night curfew was imposed for 14 days and people were only allowed to leave their home with a mask.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Greece
|Montenegro||15.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The curfew was lifted as well as many other restrictions (such as just being allowed to outside alone / with members of the same household).||https://www.total-montenegro-news.com/news/5548-today-is-the-day-reopened-cafes-restaurants-beaches-shopping-malls|
|Romania||15.05.2020||0||0||0||0||It was made possible to move freely within the municipality, but a permission was needed to travel elsewhere. From 1 June on, people could travel freely to other municipalities again.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania
|Moldova||16.05.2020||6b||6b||6b||6b||According to Moldova's State News Agency, the quarantine of Stedan Voda town ended on that day. It is not clear whether this was the last quarantine in Moldova, but I assume so.||https://www.moldpres.md/en/news/2020/05/15/20003989|
|Slovakia||16.05.2020||1||1||1||1||On 15 May, the last quarantined Roma settlement (in Zehra) was freed. On 25 April, the quarantine in Bystrany was lifted and on 1 May the quarantine in three settlements in Krompachy was lifted.||https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-idUKKBN22S0AB
|Albania||18.05.2020||6||0||0||0||From 18 May on, there was no need for authorization of movements anymore in the entire country. Yet, in the red zones, there was still an overnight curfew after 9 PM. Movement in the green zones was unrestricted starting this day.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/albania/
|Hungary||18.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home restrictions were lifted for Budapest.||https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-health-coronavirus-hungary-lockdown-idUKKBN22S0KP|
|Italy||18.05.2020||0||0||0||0||From 18 May on, there was no need for authorization of movements anymore when moving within the municipality of residence. There were still strict regulations for moving between municipalities.||https://www.quotidiano.net/cronaca/autocertificazione-18-maggio-pdf-1.5153639|
|Kosovo||18.05.2020||4||4||4||4||Citizens were now allowed to move "freely" (but covering mouth and nose) for 4 hours a day within two timeslots of 120 minutes each, according to their ID number. On 28 May, this was changed into a nighttime curfew from 9 PM to 5 AM, restoring freedom of movement at other times.||https://prishtinainsight.com/kosovo-enters-second-phase-of-lockdown-restrictions/
|Northern Cyprus||18.05.2020||7||1||7||1||The Sunday curfew was lifted. Only the night curfew remains, but was shortened to the time between midnight and 6 AM.||https://trncmunich.wordpress.com/2020/05/16/weitere-erleichterungen-auf-nordzypern/
|Greece||19.05.2020||1||7||0||0||2||Restrictions of movement outside the resident's prefecture were lifted.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/greece|
|Greece||20.05.2020||0||0||0||0||As no conflicting evidence was found, the curfew and outside mask mandate in the roma settlement in Larissa presumably ended.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Greece
|Cyprus||21.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The lockdown ended on this date.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/cyprus
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||22.05.2020||1||1||1||1||The curfew in RS was discontinued||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bosniaandherzegovina/
|Czech Republic||25.05.2020||0||0||0||0||Masks don't have to be worn outside when maintaining a 2m distance to others. On 15 June, the 2m rule was also abolished.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/czechrepublic/|
|North Macedonia||25.05.2020||7||7||6||6||There was another complete lockdown between 24 May 11 AM and 26 May 5 AM.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_North_Macedonia
|North Macedonia||26.05.2020||7||1||6||0||The holiday lockdown ended and curfew times were applied again as before.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_North_Macedonia
|North Macedonia||28.05.2020||1||1||0||0||The curfew was lifted.||https://balkaneu.com/north-macedonia-curfew-is-lifted-as-eating-establishments-resume-business/|
|Poland||30.05.2020||0||0||0||0||Mouth and nose had no longer to be covered in open spaces if a distance of 2 m is kept to others.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/poland/
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||31.05.2020||1||1||0||0||In FBIH, wearing masks was not longer mandatory in open spaces with 2m distance to others||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bosniaandherzegovina/|
|Slovenia||31.05.2020||0||0||0||0||The epidemic officially ended and gatherings of up to 200 people were allowed again. I don't find it stated explictly that freedom of movement was restored, but it seems to be like that.||https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/lifestyle/6340-slovenia-s-epidemic-official-ends-today-but-many-restrictions-remain-feature|
|Albania||01.06.2020||0||0||0||0||No stay-at-home order in place anymore||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/albania/
|Andorra||01.06.2020||0||0||0||0||All stay-at-home requirements were lifted as of 1 June||https://www.worldaware.com/covid-19-alert-andorra-further-eases-restrictions-june-1|
|Kosovo||01.06.2020||1||1||1||1||Freedom of movement was restored. As there are no reports stating otherwise, a general mask mandate presumably remained in place. It is still in place in May 2021.||https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/rest-of-the-world-news/kosovo-borders-businesses-reopen-after-lockdown.html
|Russia||01.06.2020||7||7||0||0||In Moscow, a mask had to be worn in all public places.||https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-52875568|
|Spain||01.06.2020||6||4||0||0||The first municipalities (islands of Formentera, El Hierro, La Gomera, and La Graciosa) entered phase 3 of the deescalation regime. This means, that freedom of movement was restored there. On 8 June, large parts of the country moved to phase 3.||https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confinamiento_por_la_pandemia_de_COVID-19_en_Espa%C3%B1a|
|Turkey||01.06.2020||7b||7b||7b||7b||The restrictions on domestic travels and weekend curfews were lifted. Wearing masks was mandatory in all public spaces in 42 provinces while in the other provinces it was only mandatory in public transportation, malls, markets, and shops. Stay-at-home orders remain in place for children under 18 who can go out on Wednesdays and Fridays between 2 PM and 8 PM and for people over 65.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/turkey/|
|United Kingdom||01.06.2020||2||2||0||0||In England, restrictions on leaving the house or being outside of the house were lifted. It was now only restricted to stay somewhere else overnight. In Wales, the restrictions on leaving the house were lifted as well. It was not allowed to leave the area local to the place of living except for some reasons. This included exercising when the exercise started and ended at the place of living.|
In Scotland, restrictions on leaving the house or being outside of the house were lifted on 10 July. Already on 19 June, the Scottish government replaced their "stay home" message with a "stay safe" message, but the formal restrictions on movement remained.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||02.06.2020||0||0||0||0||In RS, wearing masks was not longer mandatory in open spaces.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bosniaandherzegovina/|
|Northern Cyprus||02.06.2020||1||1||1||1||The night curfew was lifted.||https://global-monitoring.com/gm/page/events/epidemic-0001978.nsdih8zi3uzg.html?lang=en|
|Portugal||02.06.2020||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home order was lifted.||https://econews.pt/2020/06/01/main-points-of-phase-3-of-the-lockdown-easing-in-portugal/
|Malta||03.06.2020||0||0||0||0||The "vulnerable groups" were allowed to go outside again.||https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/watch-live-latest-coronavirus-update-as-two-new-cases-recorded.796164|
|North Macedonia||04.06.2020||7||1||6||0||A complete ban on the movement of citizens of Skopje, "including every municipality, in Kumanovo, Tetovo, ?tip as well as the surrounding municipality in Skopje: Ara?inovo, Zelenikovo, Ilinden, Petrovec, Lipkovo, Studeni?ani, Karbinci, Bogovinje, Brvenica, Tearce, ?elino and Jegunovce" from 9 PM on 4 June until 5 AM on 8 June. In all other municipalities, curfew hours were 9 PM to 5 AM on 4 June and 4 PM to 5 AM from 5 June to 7 June.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_North_Macedonia
|North Macedonia||05.06.2020||7||6||6||0||A complete ban on the movement of citizens of Skopje, "including every municipality, in Kumanovo, Tetovo, ?tip as well as the surrounding municipality in Skopje: Ara?inovo, Zelenikovo, Ilinden, Petrovec, Lipkovo, Studeni?ani, Karbinci, Bogovinje, Brvenica, Tearce, ?elino and Jegunovce" from 9 PM on 4 June until 5 AM on 8 June. In all other municipalities, curfew hours were 9 PM to 5 AM on 4 June and 4 PM to 5 AM from 5 June to 7 June.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_North_Macedonia
|Ukraine||05.06.2020||1||1||0||0||The stay-at-home order for people over 60 was no longer mandatory.|
As of 23 March 2021, in "red zones" (regions with a relatively high incidence), wearing masks outside was made mandatory.
|Belgium||08.06.2020||0||0||0||0||Now, leisure activities outside were allowed again, not only exercise.||https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pand%C3%A9mie_de_Covid-19_en_Belgique|
|Ireland||08.06.2020||0||0||0||0||It was generally allowed to move within 20 km from home.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/ireland/|
|North Macedonia||08.06.2020||7||1||6||0||A complete ban on the movement of citizens of Skopje, "including every municipality, in Kumanovo, Tetovo, ?tip as well as the surrounding municipality in Skopje: Ara?inovo, Zelenikovo, Ilinden, Petrovec, Lipkovo, Studeni?ani, Karbinci, Bogovinje, Brvenica, Tearce, ?elino and Jegunovce" from 9 PM on 4 June until 5 AM on 8 June. In all other municipalities, curfew hours were 9 PM to 5 AM on 4 June and 4 PM to 5 AM from 5 June to 7 June.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_North_Macedonia
|Russia||09.06.2020||1||1||0||0||The stay-at-home order in Moscow was lifted. According to Deutsche Welle, Moscow was the last place in Russia with a stay-at-home order, but they also write that it was the first one despite different sources saying that Chechnya was one day earlier, so it is unclear how well informed they are. There is some conflicting evidence as to whether Moscow was the last city that restored freedom of movement.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_COVID-19_pandemic_in_Russia
|Turkey||09.06.2020||7b||5b||7b||5b||Minors were allowed outside, but only accompanied by a parent. People over 65 were allowed outside between 10 AM and 8 PM.||https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/6/9/turkey-lifts-lockdown-for-seniors-minors-live-updates|
|Slovakia||10.06.2020||0||0||0||0||Masks were not longer required when outside.||https://volksblatt.at/grenzoeffnung-slowakei-oeffnet-grenze-zu-weiteren-16-laendern/|
|Greece||12.06.2020||7||1||0||0||2||Residents of the village of Echinos, Xanthi were subject to a night curfew from 9 PM to 7 AM and were forced to wear a mask in all public places.||https://www.keeptalkinggreece.com/2020/06/11/greece-coronavirus-xanthi-restrictions-new-cases/|
|Greece||18.06.2020||7||7||0||0||2||The night curfew in Echinos was converted into an all-day stay-at-home order.||https://www.keeptalkinggreece.com/2020/06/18/echinos-greece-coronavirus-quarantine/|
|Spain||21.06.2020||0||0||0||0||All provinces, including Madrid and four others that were still in phase 2, entered the last phase of deconfinement called "new normality".||https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confinamiento_por_la_pandemia_de_COVID-19_en_Espa%C3%B1a|
|Spain||22.06.2020||6||4||0||0||Four municipalities in Aragon were moved back to phase 2 with limitations to movement as described above.||https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confinamiento_por_la_pandemia_de_COVID-19_en_Espa%C3%B1a|
|Montenegro||26.06.2020||6||1||0||0||A 6 PM to 5 AM curfew was imposed on Ro?aje. Also, Masks were made mandatory in all public areas in Bijelo Polje. On 7 July, this measure was expanded on the entire Northern region, on 16 July on Podgorica, and on 19 July on Cetinje and Nik?i?.||https://www.total-montenegro-news.com/news/5663-covid-19-in-montenegro-90-cases-nkt-introducing-new-measures
|Turkey||27.06.2020||7||5b||7||5b||During the university entrance exams, a curfew was imposed between 9.30 AM and 3 PM on 27 June and between 9.30 AM and 6.30 PM on 28 June.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/turkey/|
|Turkey||29.06.2020||7b||5b||7b||5b||The exam curfew ended.|
On 5 August, it was announced that tourists over 65 are excempt from the curfew which was still in place from 8 PM to 10 AM for locals. On the other hand, those over 65 who don't have a residence permit but are not tourists must remain home at all times.
Wearing a mask was made mandatory for all people in all public areas as from 8 September. The curfew for elderly remained in place. I found no source regarding the requirement for minors to have a parent with them when outside so I presume it remained in place as well.
On 4 November, it was stated by Erzurum Governorship, that people over 65 were only allowed in the streets between 10 AM and 4 PM. On 5 November, this also hold for Istanbul.
|Greece||01.07.2020||0||0||0||0||The lockdown in Echinos ended.||https://www.thenationalherald.com/archive_general_news_greece/arthro/lockdown_in_echinos_village_northern_greece_extended_until_june_30-499517/|
|Kosovo||06.07.2020||7||1||1||1||A curfew from 9 PM to 5 AM was introduced in several municipalities. which was shifted to 10.30 PM to 5 AM on 28 July.||https://prishtinainsight.com/new-measures-introduced-in-effort-to-contain-covid-19/
|Spain||10.07.2020||1||1||0||0||Freedom of movement was restored in the four municipalities closed on 22 June. On 9 July, Catalunya made wearing face masks in open public spaces mandatory no matter the distance. In the following weeks, many other provinces followed (Catalonia, Extremadura, Balearic Islands, Murcia, Andalusia, Aragon, La Rioja, Navarra, Asturias, Castile Le?n, Basque Country, Castile-La Mancha, Valencia, Galicia, Madrid, Canary Islands)||https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confinamiento_por_la_pandemia_de_COVID-19_en_Espa%C3%B1a
|Russia||13.07.2020||0||0||0||0||From 13 July on, masks were not longer mandatory outside in Moscow.||https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2020/07/09/moscow-lifts-outdoor-mask-requirements-as-new-coronavirus-cases-slow-a70834|
|Andorra||14.07.2020||1||1||1||1||A mask had to be worn everywhere in public with few exceptions (such as activities in nature with a minimum distance of 4 m toward others).||https://www.govern.ad/comunicats/item/11716-el-govern-decreta-l-us-obligatori-de-mascaretes-com-a-mesura-preventiva-davant-la-covid-19|
|Montenegro||22.07.2020||7||1||1||1||Masks now had to be worn in all public places throughout the country. It was later clarified that masks don't have to be worn on beaches and in national parks. The curfew in Ro?aje was shortened to 10 PM to 5 AM.|
From 28 September, a 10 PM to 5 AM curfew was automatically imposed on municipalities that exceed a distinguished number of infections. Other restrictions in this category included a ban on receiving visitors outside the family. In the beginning, these were Niksic, Berane, and Andrijevica. From 26 October, only Zabljak was in this category and thus had a curfew and from 9 November, Zabljak, Podgorica and Cetinje.
|Romania||22.07.2020||0||0||0||0||2||Following a new quarantine law, Cartojani in Giurgiu county was the first village to be quarantined under the new law. Many more municipalities followed over the next months, too many to handle in this dataset for now, so the ban on leaving municipality was in force at most times for some villages.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania#Local_lockdowns
|United Kingdom||23.07.2020||0||0||0||0||In Northern Ireland, restrictions on leaving the house or being outside of the house were lifted.||https://www.legislation.gov.uk/nisr/2020/55/regulation/5/2020-07-23|
|Belgium||25.07.2020||1||1||0||0||In more and more "busy streets" across the country as well as dikes at the coast, it was made obligatory to wear masks.||https://www.lecho.be/dossiers/coronavirus/namur-liege-charleroi-bruxelles-les-villes-se-positionnent-sur-les-rues-necessitant-le-port-du-masque/10240443.html
|Belgium||27.07.2020||7||1||0||0||In Antwerp, a night curfew was put in place between 11.30 PM and 6 AM.||https://www.rtbf.be/info/belgique/detail_coronavirus-la-province-d-anvers-impose-un-couvre-feu-et-ferme-les-restaurants-a-23-heures?id=10550287|
|Kosovo||28.07.2020||7||1||7||1||Curfew times were shifted to 10.30 PM to 5 AM, but now citizens aged over 65 as well as those suffering from one of several defined chronic illnesses were only allowed to move freely between 5 AM and 10 AM as well as between 6 PM and 9 PM. On 1 September, the curfew applied in the cities and towns of Pristina, Prizren, Pe?, Podujevo, Gjakova, Ferizaj, Lipljan, Glogovac, Vu?itrn, Mitrovica South, Gjilan, Kosovo Polje and ?trpce.||https://prishtinainsight.com/new-measures-introduced-in-effort-to-contain-covid-19/
|France (Mainland)||29.07.2020||1||1||0||0||While face masks have only been mandatory indoors before, on 29 July, prefectures were given the power to extend mask mandates to further public places. On 4 August, for instance, Paris made wearing masks obligatory in some streets and since 28 August, masks were mandatory everywhere in Paris.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_France|
|Romania||01.08.2020||1||1||0||0||2||Masks were made required in some open spaces||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania
|Netherlands||05.08.2020||1||1||0||0||Amsterdam and Rotterdam introduced a mask mandate on several busy streets and places.||https://www.faz.net/aktuell/gesellschaft/gesundheit/coronavirus/corona-verschaerfte-maskenpflicht-in-amsterdam-und-rotterdam-16883619.html|
|Belgium||07.08.2020||1||1||0||0||Due to a heatwave, the Antwerp curfew was suspended||https://www.brusselstimes.com/news/belgium-all-news/health/125476/antwerp-curfew-will-not-be-enforced-during-heatwave-governor-says/|
|Poland||08.08.2020||1||1||0||0||Depending on the incidence, the country was divided into different zones. In "red zones", mouth and nose have to be covered at all pubilc places.||https://www.hunterpol.com.pl/en/journal/new-safety-rules-introduced-in-poland
|Belgium||12.08.2020||7||1||0||0||The curfew in Antwerp now spanned from 1.30 AM to 5 AM.||https://www.brusselstimes.com/news/belgium-all-news/126389/antwerp-eases-curfew-as-rate-of-new-covid-19-infections-recedes/|
|Monaco||12.08.2020||1||1||0||0||Wearing a mask was made mandatory in some parts of Monaco.||https://www.monacomatin.mc/faits-de-societe/le-masque-obligatoire-a-partir-de-mercredi-matin-dans-quatre-secteurs-de-monaco-554233|
|Romania||15.08.2020||1||1||0||0||With the end of quarantine in B?lile?ti and D?rm?ne?ti, presumably no local quarantines were in force in Romania anymore. From 20 October, wearing a face mask has been made mandatory everywhere in the capital, Bucharest.||https://www.digi24.ro/stiri/actualitate/inca-doua-localitati-puse-in-carantina-masura-intra-in-vigoare-sambata-la-ora-19-00-1346555
|Belgium||27.08.2020||1||1||0||0||The Antwerp curfew was lifted.||https://www.brusselstimes.com/news/belgium-all-news/128616/antwerp-governor-lifts-coronavirus-curfew-as-infection-rate-declines/|
|Netherlands||31.08.2020||0||0||0||0||The outside mask mandate in areas of Amsterdam and Rotterdam ended.||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19-Pandemie_im_K?nigreich_der_Niederlande
|United Kingdom||07.09.2020||0||0||0||0||2||In Wales, restrictions on leaving the municipality are imposed on several municipalities over the next weeks.||https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-54069466
|Russia||19.09.2020||2||2||0||0||In two cities and five districts of the Republic of Bashkortostan, only residents may circulate and they may only do so with special passes. From 28 September, in Moscow, all people over 65 years of age must remain home. They may shop rarely, but walks outside remain unrestricted.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Russia
|Spain||21.09.2020||5||5||0||0||37 neighborhoods in Madrid were put under a confinement policy. Entering or leaving these zones is only allowed with reasons related to work, studies, important errands, or for helping those in need.|
In Spain, after 30 September, entry to and exit from municipalities with a high incidence was only allowed for "justified causes".
|Kosovo||25.09.2020||1||1||1||1||The nightly curfew was lifted.||https://www.garda.com/crisis24/news-alerts/385436/kosovo-international-entry-restrictions-tighten-whilst-domestic-restrictions-ease-as-of-october-2-update-7|
|Spain||03.10.2020||1||1||0||0||2||Now freedom of movement was restored within municipalities, but it remained not allowed to leave or enter 10 municipalities in the region of madrid including the capital. These rules were suspended by a court on 8 October.||https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confinamiento_por_la_pandemia_de_COVID-19_en_Espa%C3%B1a|
|Italy||08.10.2020||1||1||1||1||Wearing face masks has been made obligatory in all public spaces on this day. They didn't have to be worn in "isolated" areas or when doing sport.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia
|Poland||10.10.2020||1||1||1||1||The obligation to cover mouth and nose was extended to the entire country.|
From 24 October, people under 16 years of age were only allowed outside under the care of an adult.
|Belgium||13.10.2020||7||1||0||0||In the provinces of Brabant Wallon and Luxembourg, a night curfew from 1 AM to 6 AM was put in place from 13 October and 14 October, respectively.||https://www.lesoir.be/331126/article/2020-10-12/couvre-feu-apres-le-brabant-wallon-et-le-luxembourg-quoi-sattendre-dans-les-3|
|Albania||15.10.2020||1||1||1||1||Since 15 October, it was mandatory to wear a face mask in all public places, open or closed.||https://exit.al/en/2020/10/12/mandatory-masks-in-public-from-thursday/
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||15.10.2020||1||1||0||0||Wearing masks was made mandatory in open spaces in Sarajevo Canton||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bosniaandherzegovina/|
|Germany||15.10.2020||1||1||0||0||The governors agreed that municipalities can order people to wear a mask in frequented areas when the 7 day incidence exceeds 35 / 100000. In the following days and weeks, most cities introduced mask mandates in some outside areas, sometimes in the entire city center (e.g. Halle (Saale), G?ttingen, Leipzig, Aachen), sometimes just in few streets (e.g. Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne). In D?sseldorf, a mask mandate was placed on the entire city which was later taken back.||https://www.bundesregierung.de/resource/blob/997532/1798920/9448da53f1fa442c24c37abc8b0b2048/2020-10-14-beschluss-mpk-data.pdf?download=1|
|Slovakia||15.10.2020||1||1||1||1||Masks were required outside again.||https://www.br.de/nachrichten/meldung/slowakei-fuehrt-maskenpflicht-im-freien-ein,300325de2|
|Malta||16.10.2020||1||1||1||1||Masks had to be worn in all public places from this day, inside and outside.||https://www.visitmalta.com/en/covid-19|
|France (Mainland)||17.10.2020||7||1||0||0||A night curfew from 9 PM was set up in Paris and eight other big cities (Lille, Grenoble, Lyon, Aix-Marseille, Montpellier, Rouen, Toulouse, and Saint-Etienne). On 24 October, the curfew was expanded to several other parts of France.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/france/|
|Belgium||19.10.2020||7||1||6||0||On 19 October, a nationwide curfew followed. Between midnight and 5 AM, it was not allowed to enter public space unless for non-postponable reasons such as commuting to work or medical emergencies. Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital extended the curfew on the time from 10 PM until 6 AM on 24 October and 26 October, respectively. In some regions, the curfew was not enforced in the night from 24 December to 25 December due to Christmas traditions. From 1 March 2021, the curfew was in place from midnight to 5AM in Wallonie and Flanders whereas in Brussels it remained to be from 10 PM to 6 AM.||https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pand?mie_de_Covid-19_en_Belgique
|Italy||19.10.2020||7||1||1||1||Mayors were given the power to impose local curfews after 9 PM on highly frequented streets or places. Starting from 22 October, the entire Lombardy Region had a curfew from 11 PM to 5 AM. In the next days, the regions Campania, Lazio, Sicilia, and Piemonte followed.||https://www.theflorentine.net/2020/10/18/covid-19-new-rules-italy-october-18/
|United Kingdom||19.10.2020||2||2||0||0||Another stay-at-home order was imposed on Wales. Exercise counted as a "reasonable excuse" to leave from home. The bans on leaving local boundaries had ended, but people were asked not to drive significant distances, e.g. to reach the mountains. The Welsh lockdown ended on 9 November.|
In Scotland, a 5 tier "lockdown" was imposed from 2 November which allegedly included the ban on leaving the district in tiers 3 and 4, but despite the goverment urging people to follow these rules, they were not legally binding.
In England, a stay-at-home order was imposed from 5 November. Leaving the house was bound to "reasonable excuses" again, including unlimited exercise.
|Slovenia||20.10.2020||7||1||7||1||A curfew from 9 PM to 6 AM was imposed. Movement between regions was banned with some exceptions. Wearing face masks in open spaces was made mandatory Since 20 September it was already obligatory in case where it was impossible to maintain a distance of 2m. As of 27 October, it was allowed to use no mask in green areas when a distance of 3m is ensured to others.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/slovenia/
|Czech Republic||22.10.2020||2||2||2||2||People were obliged to stay home again (exemptions applied for travels to/from a job, basic grocery shopping, visits to close relatives, and stays in parcs and nature and travel to/from it)||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/czechrepublic/|
|Ireland||22.10.2020||4||4||4||4||People are generally told to stay home again. Physical exercise remains allowed within 5 km from home. Travel outside the 5 km limit is only allowed for work, medical reasons, vital family reasons, attend a wedding or funeral, farming, or to visit a grave.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/ireland/|
|Cyprus||23.10.2020||7||1||1||1||Wearing masks was made mandatory outdoors as well. Furthermore, a curfew from 11 PM to 5 AM was set in place in Limassol and Paphos.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/cyprus/
|Portugal||23.10.2020||4||4||0||0||A stay-at-home order was imposed on the municipalities of Felgueiras, Lousada and Pa?os de Ferreira. Among other exceptions, it was allowed to leave the house for a short individual work or exercise.|
From 28 October, a mask had to be worn in all of Portugal if a distance of 2 m to others cannot be kept.
From 4 November, the stay-at-home order was extended to 121 municipalities.
|Greece||24.10.2020||7||1||0||0||As from 24 October, in date and in regions with a high incidence, wearing masks has been made mandatory everywhere in public. Also, a curfew from 12:30 AM to 5 AM was established for these regions.||https://news.gtp.gr/2020/10/23/guidance-greeces-covid-19-rules-masks-curfew/
|Romania||24.10.2020||6||6||0||0||2||Petrova, Maramures County, was put under quarantine. According to the automated translation of the legislation, this includes a ban on all movement except the most necessary, but this is not very clear. Sic and Savadisla in Cluj county were also put under quarantine on this day.|
Several local quarantines followed over the next weeks, at least some included loca stay-at-home orders.
|Spain||25.10.2020||7||1||1||0||1||With the new national state of alarm, a curfew from 11 PM to 6 AM was imposed. Regional authorities may shift start and end of the curfew by up to one hour. The curfew was not imposed on the Canary islands. It was not allowed to leave the municipality or city of residence in the entire country.||https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confinamiento_por_la_pandemia_de_COVID-19_en_Espa%C3%B1a
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||26.10.2020||1||1||1||1||In FBIH, wearing masks was made obligatory in open spaces no matter the distance. In RS, wearing masks has been made mandatory in open spaces on 21.10. already.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bosniaandherzegovina/|
|Lithuania||26.10.2020||1||1||0||0||The municipalities were classified into one of three risk zones. In "red zones", among other strict rules (e.g. gatherings of only up to 5 people), masks were made mandatory inside and outside.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Lithuania
|Czech Republic||28.10.2020||6||2||6||2||From 9 PM to 5 AM exemptions to go out became stricter, i.e. just going to work or emergencies. From 23 November on, the curfew began later, at 11 PM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/czechrepublic/|
|Germany||28.10.2020||2||2||0||0||In the Bavarian municipality Rottal-Inn, a stay-at-home order was issued which was valid until 5 November. Sport and outdoor exercise (or going for a walk) remained allowed.||https://www.rottal-inn.de/fileadmin/rottal-inn/Dateien/Amtsblatt/2020/Amtsblatt_Sonderausgabe_8.pdf|
|North Macedonia||28.10.2020||1||1||1||1||People now had to wear a mask everywhere in public, even outside and alone.||https://english.republika.mk/news/macedonia/parliament-orders-all-citizens-to-wear-masks-even-when-alone-in-the-open/|
|Switzerland||29.10.2020||1||0||0||0||Before, masks were only mandatory in indoor settings. From this day on, masks have been made mandatory in some busy shopping streets as well when stores are open.|
There were no nationwide stay-at-home orders, curfews or further outside mask mandates in Switzerland. Gatherings/meetings were restricted to not more than 5 people for several months.
|France (Mainland)||30.10.2020||7||5||6||4||A new stay-at-home order was decided on. As in the first lockdown, people needed a certificate to display the reason for being outside and physical activity was limited to one hour a day within 1 km around the place of residence. From 28 November, this was expanded to 3 hours within 20 km.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/france/|
|Luxembourg||30.10.2020||6||0||6||0||A curfew between 11 PM and 6 AM was imposed. From 26 December until 5 January 2021, the curfew began at 9 PM. The curfew was still in place on 15 May. As of 16 May, the curfew started at midnight.||https://www.saarbruecker-zeitung.de/saarland/blickzumnachbarn/subdir/in-luxemburg-gilt-naechtliche-ausgangssperre-ab-heute_aid-54340197
|Portugal||30.10.2020||4||4||0||0||1||Between 30 October and 3 November, citizens were only allowed to circulate within their municipality.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Monaco||31.10.2020||7||1||7||1||A curfew from 8 PM to 6 AM was imposed. From 11 January to 2 April, it was from 7 PM to 6 AM. Since 18 April until 3 May, the curfew is from 9 PM to 6 AM. Wearing masks has been made mandatory on the entire territory.||https://www.monacomatin.mc/faits-de-societe/couvre-feu-port-du-masque-generalise-commerces-et-restaurants-ouverts-ce-qui-ferme-le-detail-des-nouvelles-mesures-a-monaco-595791
|Kosovo||01.11.2020||7||1||7b||1||Persons over 65 were only allowed to go outside from 6 AM to 10 AM and from 4 PM to 7 PM. From 13 November on, municipalities are classified into different zones according to the infection numbers. In the municipalities in the "red zone", a curfew from 7 PM was put in place. From 15 January, the curfew was from 9.30 PM to 5 AM.||https://kryeministri-ks.net/en/the-government-of-kosovo-approves-the-decision-on-special-measures-for-protection-from-covid-19/?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=87660161b0075d488a544669258831674259bdbd-1619112934-0-AbLxheeqPapXkutexsxuJ0mZaW7RvLg2uIBiwIDfpHgaNKtN3eHnO8Y_yqjhoSQt9Qh7sW8VEGBysYuhmREBWt2Gw17uB_AEzz19UFZM0oIhHCylwUErbep1VXc6rxE7R8EtLSzHwF1zrJztj_JQViLZ123Va5TcoplOb4yEiLDhEkg9GyaHxY6a8qMnbaCG3MVeewRdIHxdqsdytgLrn58VV2XKBFccZ5IgZhlQV-fF0df1-e_LypI-eSKtS4Me2HDeAjxjdD4vk10xWcn7eMIHMkwilGuAicsMCWnsy5ZJiBIfZ_QyxScrIeo7GbF4jb2X9Z7ihw8EUnKVPmqbWrY1wMsYXVu3Wa-CsYhyPVouJ5zfOG72SFpindrLcfiwLhA6d5RbAoCLA9dC7qyoiTZbxoOnjjT9ipRBdxVukRdRGKYlB5VmrtyLdBw_8a985huTM4xtISnGMlZnhITC6TgovQOzma2pIISXGkK1vaGOWefNlOiAPAAyUtceq-QDDw
|Germany||02.11.2020||1||1||0||0||The stricter local lockdown measures in Rottal-Inn were lifted.||https://www.rottal-inn.de/meta/presse/presse-detail/ab-montag-neue-regelungen/|
|Austria||03.11.2020||2||0||2||0||A curfew was set in place from 8 PM to 6 AM, but exceptions included being outside ?for physical and mental recreation?.||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19-Pandemie_in_%C3%96sterreich#Ma%C3%9Fnahmenpaket_%E2%80%9ELockdown_light%E2%80%9C_von_3._bis_16._November_2020|
|Greece||03.11.2020||7||1||7||5||As of 3 November the curfew began at midnight. On this date, all geographical units were in the "red", "yellow", or "grey" categories thus outside mask mandates and curfews were in place. In grey areas, citizens were required to send a text message when they leave their house as in the first lockdown. In these areas, the curfew hours were 9 PM to 5 AM.||https://news.gtp.gr/2020/11/02/greece-changes-covid-19-risk-map-sets-new-rules-november/|
|Portugal||04.11.2020||4||4||0||0||Between 30 October and 3 November, citizens were only allowed to circulate within their municipality.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Cyprus||05.11.2020||7||1||7||1||As it had been the case before in Limassol and Paphos, from this day, a curfew was in place for the entire country. Between 11 PM and 5 AM people were only allowed outside for work purposes or emergencies. The curfew was extended for Limassol and Paphos from 12 November. For Christmas and New Years' Eve the curfew hours were slightly adapted.||https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-cyprus-idUSKBN27K2KZ
|Hungary||05.11.2020||6||0||6||0||A curfew was imposed between midnight and 5 AM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/hungary/|
|Italy||06.11.2020||7||5||7||1||2||From this date, there was a nationwide curfew from 10 PM to 5 AM. In regions with relatively high infection rates ("scenario 4"), local stay-at-home orders were enforced with similar rules as in the first lockdown: To go out, you needed to be able to present a form stating the reason for being outside. Walks or other physical activity were allowed in the close vicinity of home. In the following months, several Italian provinces had been under stay-at-home orders. In the second most restrictive tier ("scenario 3"), movement was restricted to the municipality.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia+
|Greece||07.11.2020||7||5||7||5||From 7 November, similar measures as in the first lockdown were in place nationwide. Residents had to send a text message including their name, adress, and the reason why they leave their house to a specific government number. Physical exercise was allowed outdoors in the proximity to one's home and without a mask, but generally a mask had to be worn everywhere.||https://enimerosi.com/details_en.php?id=50772
|Lithuania||07.11.2020||1||1||1||1||A second "quarantine" was imposed on the entire country. Rules were similar to the ones formerly valid in red zones, including mandatory face masks in all public places. Exceptions included during physical exercise and outside of towns when a distance of 20 (sic) metres to others is ensured.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Lithuania
|Portugal||09.11.2020||6||4||0||0||In the high incidence municipalities where a stay-at-home order was in place, a curfew between 11 PM and 5 AM was imposed on weekdays and between 1 PM and 5 AM on weekends.|
From 1 December, there were municipalities with a curfew as before and others with a lower incidence where the curfew was 11 PM to 5 AM on all days.
|Romania||09.11.2020||7||7||7||1||2||A curfew between 11 PM and 5 AM was imposed and masks have been made mandatory in all public spaces. On 9 March 2021, it was announced that the night curfew would begin at 10 PM. On 25 March it was announced, that the night curfew would begin at 8 PM on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays everwhere and every day in municipalities with a high incidence.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania
|Spain||09.11.2020||7||1||6||0||1||The curfew was since then also imposed on the Canary Islands.||https://www.eldiario.es/canariasahora/sociedad/toque-queda-canarias-isla-cambios-gobierno_1_7851466.html|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||10.11.2020||7||1||1||1||In FBIH, a curfew was set in place from 11 PM to 5 AM unless people had an ?essential need? such as going to or coming from work. Remained like this until 15 February at least. In the Sarajevo County, the curfew was extended to 9 PM to 5 AM as of 19 March 2021 and since 12 May from 11 PM to 5 AM. Since 12 May, the curfew is abolished in West Herzegovina Canton.||https://www.garda.com/crisis24/news-alerts/478166/bosnia-and-herzegovina-authorities-maintaining-covid-19-restrictions-as-of-may-13-update-25|
|Albania||11.11.2020||7||1||7||1||From 11 November, people were not allowed to leave their houses between 10 PM and 6 AM unless they had a special permission for work or other "important reasons". Between 24 December and 4 January 2021, the curfew times were extended to 8.30 PM to 6 AM. From 5 January to 10 February, curfew times were 10 PM to 6 AM, but from 11 February, the curfew started at 8 PM and since 12 April at 10 PM again. Masks still had to be worn everywhere.||https://exit.al/en/2020/11/09/albania-goes-into-lockdown-from-10-p-m-to-6-a-m/
|Hungary||11.11.2020||7||1||6||1||New curfew times were 8 PM to 5 AM. In some public spaces in larger towns, wearing masks was made compulsory. Mayors of towns with more than 10000 inhabitants could decide to make masks compulsory, e.g. in Budapest they were made compulsory in the largest part of the city. Masks could be taken off for individual exercise or in parks. The curfew was later decided to be suspended on Christmas Eve.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/hungary/
|Montenegro||15.11.2020||7||1||7||1||From 15 November, a curfew from 9 PM to 5 AM was imposed on the entire country. From 25 November, curfew times were extended to 7 PM to 5 AM. Curfew times seem to have been shortened to 10 PM to 5 AM later, but different sources are a bit contradictory. As of 29 April, curfew times were from midnight to 5 AM and masks were still mandatory everywhere. There was no curfew on 1 May.|
Traffic between municipalities was banned over the weekends.
|Austria||17.11.2020||2||2||2||2||The curfew was transformed into a general stay-at-home order, with many exceptions including being outside "for physical and mental recreation"||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19-Pandemie_in_%C3%96sterreich#Zweiter_%E2%80%9Eharter_Lockdown%E2%80%9C_von_17._November_bis_6._Dezember_2020|
|Moldova||20.11.2020||7b||7b||6b||6b||In Chisinau, masks had to be worn at all public places from this day. Before there was only a (national) mask mandate for indoor or crowded places.||https://www.ipn.md/en/mask-wearing-in-open-public-places-mandatory-in-chisinau-7967_1077836.html|
|Turkey||20.11.2020||7||5b||7||5b||In all Turkish provinces, citizens 65 or older were only allowed to go out between 10 AM and 1 PM and citizens under 20 between 1 PM and 4 PM. On weekends, a curfew for everyone was in place from 8 PM to 10 AM with the exception of foreign tourists.||http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-11/18/c_139524906.htm|
|Turkey||24.11.2020||7||5b||7||5b||2||On 24 November, seven villages were quarantined. At least on 22 February and on 27 March, further districts have been placed under quarantine, but probably English speaking media have not covered all local quarantines.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/turkey/
|Germany||25.11.2020||2||2||0||0||In Hildburghausen, Thuringia, a local stay-at-home order was issued which allowed for outdoor sports. Masks also have to be worn generally. Few days later, a similar stay-at-home order was issued in Passau, Bavaria.||https://www.swp.de/politik/corona-hotspot-passau-hildburghausen-fallzahlen-lockdown-ausgangssperre-verschaerfen-hygiene-regeln-53441346.html
|Portugal||27.11.2020||6||4||0||0||1||Circulation between municipalities was banned again for the time between 27 November 11 PM and 2 December 5 AM as well as between 4 December 11 PM and 9 December 5 AM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Slovenia||29.11.2020||7||1||7||1||1||Leaving the municipality has been disallowed for work, health care services, necessary care for a close relative, or funerals.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/slovenia/|
|Ireland||01.12.2020||0||0||0||0||The movement restrictions were lifted again. From 24 December, tighter restrictions were in place again, but freedom of movement within the county was guaranteed, thus the measure does not count as a stay-at-home order for this purpose.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/ireland/|
|Turkey||01.12.2020||7||7||7||7||2||From 1 December, a curfew was imposed on weekdays as well, from 9 PM to 5 AM. Over the weekends the curfew lasted from 9 PM on Friday until 5 AM on Monday.|
On 21 December, it was declared that the weekend curfew would end, but in fact it was imposed again on all subsequent weekends and even for a longer time between 31 December, 9 PM to 4 January, 5 AM.
During some time in March, the weekend curfews seem to have been imposed only on provinces with a high rate of infections, but I found no exact source except those about the weekend curfew being reimposed on the entire country as of 29 March.
|Czech Republic||03.12.2020||0||0||0||0||The curfew and movement restrictions were abolished||https://www.rtl.de/cms/corona-tschechien-beendet-lockdown-unter-diesen-bedingungen-ist-die-einreise-moeglich-4662397.html
|United Kingdom||03.12.2020||0||0||0||0||The lockdown in England ended.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_COVID-19_pandemic_in_England_(July%E2%80%93December_2020)#November_2020|
|Germany||04.12.2020||7||2||0||0||In December 2020, several German cities started to introduce curfews from 9 PM to 5 AM. From 4 December, a curfew was imposed in Mannheim, Baden-W?rttemberg. From 9 December, these were in place in Munich and Augsburg, for instance, from 12 December in the entire province of Baden-W?rttemberg and from 14 December in Bavaria. Other provinces followed in the subsequent weeks. During curfew times, people were only allowed to leave their house for important reasons, not including leisure or sports. The exact rules differed extremely between cities, so that it was difficult to make an assessment for the country as a whole. |
A stay-at-home order was imposed in Bavaria from 9 December but physical exercise / walking outdoors were accepted as a reason to leave (outside stricter curfew times).
From 28 December to 23 January, in Eichsfeld, Thuringia, a stay-at-home order was imposed also on daytime movements.Individual exercise / movement at fresh air was allowed as a reason to leave the house.
On 5 January, it was decided that in all of Germany, people could not leave a radius of 15 km around their home municipality (or home address, depending on the state) if the incidence locally exceeded 200/100000.
|Austria||07.12.2020||2||0||2||0||From 7 December, the stay-at-home mandate was only valid for the night again, corresponding to a curfew from 8 PM to 6 AM with the exceptions as before.||https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/Dokumente/BgblAuth/BGBLA_2020_II_544/BGBLA_2020_II_544.pdfsig
|Portugal||10.12.2020||6||4||0||0||Circulation between municipalities was banned again for the time between 27 November 11 PM and 2 December 5 AM as well as between 4 December 11 PM and 9 December 5 AM. On Christmas night, the curfew did not start before 2 AM. On the first three days of January 2021, the curfew started on 1 PM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Italy||13.12.2020||7||1||7||1||2||Temporarily there have been no regions under a stay-at-home order, even though this was constantly threatened if infection numbers rise. Severa? regions are under quarantine i.e. it was not allowed to leave the home municipality unless for an "important reason". On New Year's Eve the curfew was from 10 PM until 7 AM.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia|
|France (Mainland)||15.12.2020||7||1||6||0||The stay-at-home order was replaced by a night curfew between 8 PM and 6 AM. The curfew started at 6 PM from 2 January 2021 in some d?partements, and from 16 January in entire metropolitan France.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/france|
|Lithuania||16.12.2020||3||3||3||3||1||People needed to stay home and were only allowed to leave to go shopping (in the same municipality only), to work, to attend a funeral, or to seek healthcare. Walks within the municipality, alone or with members of the same household were allowed as well. On 20 January 2021, the government also allowed single households to interact with one other household.||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1296887/lithuania-imposes-nationwide-lockdown
|Romania||16.12.2020||7||1||7||1||No exact information on local lockdowns was found. According to Wikipedia and automated translation of linked news articles, the last local lockdown for a while was imposed on 2 December for the duration of 14 days (in Nucet, Bihor county, Aliman, Rasova and Tuzla in Constanta county), so presumably there were no local daytimestay-at-home orders anymore from 16 December.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania|
|Czech Republic||18.12.2020||6||2||6||2||A night curfew from 11 PM to 5 AM was imposed again. From 27 Devember, curfew time was changed to 9 PM to 5 AM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/czechrepublic
|San Marino||18.12.2020||6||0||6||0||A curfew from 00.30 to 6 AM was imposed. On 22 December, the curfew was changed to 10 PM at least for some days. At least from 7 January, the curfew times were 10 PM to 5 AM. Over Easter, the curfew started at 8 PM.||http://www.libertas.sm/notizie/2020/12/17/san-marino-scatta-il-coprifuoco-dalle-0030-fino-alle-6.html
|Slovakia||19.12.2020||3||3||3||3||1||A stay-at-home order was set in place again. There were several exceptions including meeting one other household (and always the same) as well as individual sport and outdoor activities. The rules were tightened as of 1 January 2021 so that it was only allowed to stay in nature within the district of residence|
A mass screening was performed. With a negative test, as of 27 January, exceptions from the stay-at-home order remained similar to those of before. In districts with a low incidence, measures were loosened. For districts with higher rates of positive tests in the mass screening, those between 15 and 65 who did not do a test were not granted the same exceptions from the curfew. Outdoor activities were not allowed for them anymore except from walking cats or dogs within 1000m from residence.
From 8 February, a "traffic light" system was introduced. In high incidence areas, a negative test was required on a weekly basis in order to go outside as before, in other areas the frequency of testing is lower.
|United Kingdom||21.12.2020||2||2||0||0||2||A new stay-at-home order was imposed on Wales. Exercise was allowed but had to start and end at the place of residence.|
Also as of 21 December, a new "tier-four" was imposed on large parts of England including the entire South East and London. Rules on meeting people were relaxed slightly only for Christmas day. On 31 December, the majority (44 million) of English were under tier four. Under tier four, people had to stay in their area. But within the area,it was allowed to go for unlimited exercise. There was no clear guidance on what constituted remaining in "their local area" thus there have been disagreements in some cases.
Northern Ireland entered a new lockdown on 26 December supposedly including a stay-at-home order, also allowed for exercise. But again, this order seems not to have been written in law at that time, but was only legalised on 8 January. Outdoor exercise remained allowed with one member of another household.
Most of Scotland (with the exception of some islands) entered a new lockdown on 26 December, but did not impose a formal stay-at-home order. Leaving the municipality was only allowed for "essential reasons" however. As of 5 January 2021, a stay-at-home order was imposed on Scotland as well with the exception of islands. Among the accepted reasons for leaving the house is to "undertake exercise or recreation" outdoors that starts and ends at the same place which must be in the local government area in which the person lives or within 5 miles of this area, and was either undertaken alone with members of the household or in the form of another allowed gathering.
From 6 January, all of England was put under tier four with strictened rules. Leaving the house was allowed only for certain reasons, including exercise.
The Scottish Islands of Barra and Vatersay were put under level 4 restrictions (including a stay-at-home order) from 20 January and all Western Isles on 29 January (these moved back to level 3 on 24 March).
From 12 March, outdoor non-contact sports were allowed in Scotland.
From 13 March, Wales was the first part of the UK to replace the stay-at-home order with a stay-local order. The "stay local" mandate was lifted with effect of the 27th March 2021.
From 29 March, for English citizens, it was not allowed to leave the UK without an exceptional reason, but internal freedom of movement was restored.
The stay-at-home order in Scotland was lifted on 2 April as it was replaced by a ban on leaving the local authority boundaries without an essential reason.
|Austria||26.12.2020||2||2||2||2||The curfew was transformed into a general stay-at-home order again, with many exceptions including being outside "for physical and mental recreation" It was prolonged serveral times.||https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/Dokumente/BgblAuth/BGBLA_2020_II_598/BGBLA_2020_II_598.pdfsig
|Ireland||30.12.2020||4||4||4||4||People were generally told to stay home again. Physical exercise remained allowed within 5 km from home. Travel outside the 5 km limit was only allowed for work, education, or other "essential purposes".||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/ireland/|
|Latvia||30.12.2020||6||0||6||0||Over New Year's (from 30 December to 4 January) and subsequently on Fridays and Saturdays, a curfew was imposed from 10 PM to 5 AM the following morning.||https://lv.usembassy.gov/health-alert-latvia-extends-state-of-emergency-until-february-7-2021-and-announces-curfew-u-s-embassy-riga-latvia/|
|Northern Cyprus||31.12.2020||7||1||7||1||From 31 December until 4 January, a curfew was imposed between 10 PM and 5 AM.||https://trncmunich.wordpress.com/2020/12/31/striktere-corona-masnahmen/
|Poland||31.12.2020||7||1||7||1||A New Year's curfew was imposed from 31 December 7 PM until 1 January 6 AM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/poland/|
|Portugal||31.12.2020||6||4||0||0||1||Circulation between municipalities was banned again between 12 AM on 31 December and 5 AM on 4 January.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Poland||02.01.2021||1||1||1||1||A New Year's curfew was imposed from 31 December 7 PM until 1 January 6 AM. As of 4 May 2021, it was still mandatory to cover mouth and nose on all streets in Poland, but not in parks and forests.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/poland/
|Northern Cyprus||05.01.2021||1||1||1||1||From 31 December until 4 January, a curfew was imposed between 10 PM and 5 AM.||https://trncmunich.wordpress.com/2020/12/31/striktere-corona-masnahmen/
|Portugal||05.01.2021||6||4||0||0||Circulation between municipalities was banned again between 12 AM on 31 December and 5 AM on 4 January.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Portugal||08.01.2021||6||4||0||0||1||Circulation between municipalities was banned again between 11 PM on 8 January and 5 AM on 11 January.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Cyprus||11.01.2021||7||5||7||5||From 11 January 2021, the curfew began at 9 PM. Also, from 11 January on, any movement of citizens was just allowed twice a day for a limited time and after sending a text message. From 16 March, the curfew began at 11 PM again. End March it was changed to 9 PM again. It seems to have been changed several times between 9 PM and 11 PM.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/cyprus
|Portugal||12.01.2021||6||4||0||0||Circulation between municipalities was banned again between 11 PM on 8 January and 5 AM on 11 January.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Portugal||15.01.2021||4||4||4||4||A stay-at-home order for the entire nation was put in place again. Rules were similar to the first lockdown with the exception of the stricter orders for elderly. For all age groups, it was allowed to go out to make essential purchases,for accessing public services, for health care provision, pet walking, in order go to work if working from home is not possible, visiting vulnerable people who need help, family reasons, judicial reasons, going to the bank or post office, volunteering, short walks, open-air physical exercise, and some other "essential reasons".|
Bans on travelling between municipalities were imposed over the Easter holidays.
Even after several opening steps, it seems that it was still only allowed to go on a "short walk" (checked 4 May 2020) even though cafes, museums etc. are open again.
|Italy||17.01.2021||7||5||7||1||2||Some provinces were put under "scenario 4" again, implying a stay-at-home order.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia|
|Northern Cyprus||17.01.2021||7||1||7||1||Another night curfew from 10 PM to 5 AM was imposed.||https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-cyprus-announces-overnight-curfew-161685|
|Netherlands||23.01.2021||6||0||6||0||While before it was possible to be outside alone or with one other person, from this day on, a curfew was imposed from 9 PM to 4.30 AM. Exceptions were work-related circulation, supporting medical assistance to a human or animal, provide informal care, walking a dog alone, urgent family matters, funerals, exams related to vocational or higher education, and live TV. When outside during curfew hours, a personal declaration had to be carried unless in cases of emergency, when just arrived from abroad (proven by travel tickets), or when walking a dog.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/netherlands/|
|Northern Cyprus||26.01.2021||7||7||7||1||2||The regions Girna and Nikosia were locked down. Leaving the house was only allowed for a set of reasons not including exercise and most businesses remain closed. Leaving these two regions was not allowed.||https://trncmunich.wordpress.com/2021/01/26/harte-ausgangssperren-fur-regionen/|
|Slovakia||27.01.2021||5b||5b||3||3||1||A mass screening was performed. With a negative test, as of 27 January, exceptions from the stay-at-home order remained similar to those before. In districts with a small incidence, measures were loosened. For districts with higher rates of positive tests in the mass screening, those between 15 and 65 who did not do a test were not granted the same exceptions from the curfew. Outdoor activities were not allowed for them anymore except from walking cats or dogs within 1000m from residence.|
From 8 February, a "traffic light" system was introduced. In high incidence areas, a negative test was required on a weekly basis in order to go outside as before, in other areas the frequency of testing is lower.
|Northern Cyprus||29.01.2021||7||7||7||7||1||The stay-at-home order was extended to the whole territory of Northern Cyprus. The stay-at-home order was prelonged until 22 February, 5 AM. I found no source about it being lifted, but also no source about it being prolonged. Apparently, it was lifted on this day, but a night curfew and a Sunday curfew remained. In the beginning of May, there was still a curfew between 9 PM and 5 AM every night and between Saturday 9 PM and Sunday 5 AM.||https://trncmunich.wordpress.com/2021/01/29/ausgangssperren-fur-ganz-nordzypern/
|Italy||01.02.2021||7||1||7||1||2||All provinces were outside of "scenario 4" from this day.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia|
|Austria||08.02.2021||2||0||2||0||2||From 8 February, the stay-at-home mandate was only valid for the night again, corresponding to a curfew from 8 PM to 6 AM with the exceptions as before. Since 27 February, several municipalities imposed a ban on leaving the municipality without a negative test.||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19-Pandemie_in_%C3%96sterreich|
|Bulgaria||10.02.2021||1||1||0||0||In Kyustendil district, it was made mandatory to wear masks outside, not only in crowded areas as elsewhere.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bulgaria
|Kosovo||11.02.2021||1||1||1||1||The curfew was abolished.||https://prishtinainsight.com/curfew-scrapped-amid-controversy/
|Latvia||11.02.2021||0||0||0||0||The weekend curfew was discontinued.||https://eng.lsm.lv/article/society/society/no-more-curfew-at-weekends-in-latvia.a392576/|
|Czech Republic||12.02.2021||7||3||6||2||2||Entry and exit from/to three districts (Trutnov, Chomutov and Sokolov) was banned and at the same time, it was mandatory to wear FFP 2 masks everywhere in these districts.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/czechrepublic/|
|Slovenia||15.02.2021||7||1||7||1||Restrictions to movement between municipalities were lifted. From 27 March, curfew hours were 10 PM to 5 AM.||https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/lifestyle/7771-free-movement-returns-to-slovenia-curfew-still-in-place
|Romania||17.02.2021||7||7||7||1||2||A local lockdown including a stay-at-home order and quarantine of municipality is imposed on Dumbravita, Sag, Sandra si Nitchidorf in Timis county. Many local lockdowns followed over the next weeks, see Wikipedia for a list.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania#Local_lockdowns
|Bulgaria||22.02.2021||0||0||0||0||The temporary extra-strict mask mandate in Kyutendil ended? or at least it was planned to end by this date, I found no report that said that it actually ended.||https://bnt.bg/news/wearing-face-masks-outdoors-becomes-obligatory-in-kyustendil-291990news.html|
|Czech Republic||25.02.2021||7||3||7||3||1||In all places, with a high concentration of people, an FFP 2 mask had to be worn from this day. In all other places (at least all urban places) a medical mask or an FFP 2 mask had to be worn.|
From 1 March, people were not allowed to enter or exit their district of residence unless they had a valid reason, e.g. going to work. For sport and recreation, people even had to stay within the borders of their village of residence, but this has been widened to the entire district of residence on 22 March.
|Lithuania||25.02.2021||2||2||2||2||1||Masks were no longer required outdoors if a distance of 2 metres is kept to others. As of 6 March, two households or up to five people were allowed in public. Also, the movement between a city's metropolitan area and the surrounding district is allowed. This was later eased further, then banned again over the Easter holidays and eventually lifted.||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1351540/lithuania-extends-lockdown-until-end-of-march-loosens-facemask-rules|
|France (Mainland)||26.02.2021||7||5||6||0||A weekend lockdown was imposed on some regions (in Cote d'Azur and Dunkirk) with physical activity being allowed within 5km of the place of residence.|
From 19 March, in 16 d?partements, a new stay-at-home order was put in place, this time physical activity was allowed without a time limit outside of curfew times, but within 10 km from place of residence. This measure was subsequently expanded on further d?partements (3 on 25 March). The curfew hours were shifted to 7 PM to 6 AM.
|Slovakia||03.03.2021||7||5b||7||3||1||Most exceptions from the stay-at-home order were only granted between 5 AM and 8 PM. After 8 PM, a stricter curfew was in place with the only exceptions of work and emergencies.||https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-03-slovakia-imposes-overnight-curfew-covid.html
|Russia||05.03.2021||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home order for elderly people in Moscow was lifted.||https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2021/05/06/coronavirus-in-russia-the-latest-news-may-6-a69117|
|Germany||08.03.2021||7||1||0||0||The stay-at-home order during daytime in Bavaria was lifted. ||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ausgangssperre#Ausgangsbeschr%C3%A4nkungen_infolge_der_COVID-19-Pandemie
|Hungary||08.03.2021||7||1||7||1||Obligatory mask wearing in public places.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/hungary/
|Italy||08.03.2021||7||5||7||1||2||From this day, some provinces were under "scenario 4" again, implying a stay-at-home order.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia|
|Moldova||10.03.2021||7||7b||6b||6b||From 10 March 2021 to 24 March, a 11 PM to 7 AM curfew was imposed in six localities in Drochia district.||https://www.ipn.md/en/dusk-to-dawn-curfew-imposed-in-six-localities-of-drochia-7967_1080217.html|
|North Macedonia||10.03.2021||7||1||7||1||An overnight curfew from 10 PM to 5 AM was imposed. From 6 April, curfew started at 8 PM and from 28 April, it started at 9 PM. It was suspended during Easter and Eid-al-fitr. From 5 May, curfew times were 11 PM to 5 AM and since 12 May midnight to 4 AM.||https://english.republika.mk/news/macedonia/curfew-goes-into-effect-this-evening/
|Lithuania||16.03.2021||2||2||2||2||2||Travel between most municipalitieswas allowed, but restrictions remained in 16 municipalities.||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1365615/lithuanian-police-to-put-up-checkpoints-to-impose-extended-travel-restrictions|
|Moldova||19.03.2021||7||7||7b||7b||From 19 March, masks had to be worn in all open or closed spaces throughout the country. In municipalities with a high incidence, stay-at-home orders were introduced for the entire population (on top of the existing one for older people)|
From 3 April 2021 to 25 April, a curfew from 11 PM to 5 AM was imposed on Balti and Chisinau. Being outside was just allowed for professional purposes, or to go to the doctor or drugstore. Access to public places "such as parks, playgrounds, sports grounds and recreational areas" was not allowed in Balti but was then intended to be lifted after few days.
|Germany||20.03.2021||7||6||0||0||In Schw?bisch Hall (Baden-W?rttemberg) a stay-at-home order was imposed also during daytime. Leaving the house for exercise / walking was allowed.||https://www.swr.de/swraktuell/baden-wuerttemberg/heilbronn/schrozberg-corona-hotspot-100.html
|Portugal||20.03.2021||4||4||4||4||1||Circulation between municipalities was banned again.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Portugal||22.03.2021||4||4||4||4||Circulation between municipalities was banned again.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Portugal||26.03.2021||4||4||4||4||1||Circulation between municipalities was banned again over the Easter holidays.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/|
|Lithuania||27.03.2021||2||2||2||2||1||Travel restrictions between municipalities were expanded on the entire country again over Easter.||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1373660/lithuania-reinstates-travel-restrictions-over-easter-extends-lockdown|
|Spain||30.03.2021||7||1||7||1||1||Masks had to be worn in all public places, inside and outside, no matter the distance. In most provinces, this rule was in place before, but under national legislation, which few provinces left unchanged, masks had only to be worn outside if a minimum distance toward others was not maintained.||https://www.elconfidencial.com/espana/2021-03-30/mascarilla-obligatoria-toda-espana-distancia-de-seguridad_3013687/|
|Austria||01.04.2021||3||1||2||0||2||In three provinces (Wien, Nieder?sterreich, Burgenland) the lockdown was during the day again with the same exceptions as above. In Vienna (Wien), masks were made obligatory at several highly frequented places.||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19-Pandemie_in_%C3%96sterreich|
|France (Mainland)||03.04.2021||7||5||6||4||1||On 3 April, the stay-at-home order with the 10 km limit that before was only valid in some d?partements was extended to entire metropolitan France.||https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pand%C3%A9mie_de_Covid-19_en_France#F%C3%A9vrier_2021_:_arriv%C3%A9e_d'un_troisi%C3%A8me_vaccin_et_confinements_localis%C3%A9s_le_week-end|
|Northern Cyprus||05.04.2021||7||7||7||7||The ban on travels between districts ended. As of 15 May, the night curfew and the weekend curfew remained in place.||https://crisis24.garda.com/insights-intelligence/intelligence/risk-alerts/wip10011877626/northern-cyprus-authorities-lift-ban-on-movement-between-districts-from-april-5-extend-other-covid-19-related-measures-including-curfew-until-april-12-update-25
|Portugal||06.04.2021||4||4||4||4||Circulation between municipalities was banned again over the Easter holidays. Enjoying time at fresh air was still restricted to a short time close from home.||https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/portugal/
|Kosovo||07.04.2021||7||1||7||1||A curfew from 10 PM to 5 AM was imposed. On 19 April, curfew hours were changed to 10.30 PM to 5 AM which was still the case on 15 May.||https://exit.al/en/2021/04/06/kosovo-ramps-up-pandemic-restrictions-bars-closed-curfew-introduced/
|Lithuania||07.04.2021||2||2||2||2||Travel restrictions between municipalities ended.||https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1382277/what-quarantine-restrictions-remain-in-force-in-lithuania|
|Lithuania||09.04.2021||0||0||0||0||The stay-at-home order was eliminated from the national quarantine directive.||https://urm.lt/default/en/important-covid19/media
|Slovenia||10.04.2021||6||0||6||0||Face masks were no longer obligatory outdoors if a distance to other is respected.||https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/politics/8136-last-week-in-slovenia|
|Czech Republic||12.04.2021||1||1||1||1||The curfew as well as the restriction on leaving the district of residence were lifted. A general mask mandate remained in place.||https://www.rnd.de/politik/lockerungen-in-tschechien-ausgangssperre-endet-nach-sechs-monaten-6IBDCFRY5A2KUXQ3NEPQUE35WA.html|
|Ireland||12.04.2021||0||0||0||0||Free movement (alone) within 20 km was allowed again.||https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-56717514|
|Slovenia||12.04.2021||0||0||0||0||The curfew ended.||https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/politics/8136-last-week-in-slovenia|
|United Kingdom||12.04.2021||0||0||0||0||2||Northern Ireland was the last of the four countries of the UK to lift its stay-at-home order.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_COVID-19_pandemic_in_Northern_Ireland_(2021)
|United Kingdom||16.04.2021||0||0||0||0||On 16 April, internal travel across Scotland (with the exception of overnight stays) was allowed again.||https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-56733608|
|Germany||21.04.2021||7||1||0||0||The daytime stay-at-home order in Schw?bisch-Hall was lifted.|
As of 24 April, a federal law came into effect that automatically imposed a curfew from 10 PM to 5 AM if the incidence in a municipality is over 100 per 100000. Between 10 PM and midnight, going for a walk or exercising was still allowed alone (except from Bavaria). After midnight (and in Bavaria after 10 PM), only "important reasons" such as going to work or walking a dog count.
In most places where masks were ever mandated, they are still mandated as of 15 May 2021 and overnight curfews continue to be rampant in many places. Since 9 May, curfews were not imposed on people who are completely vaccinated, have had Covid in the past 6 months, or have had Covid before and received their first vaccine shot.
|Moldova||26.04.2021||7b||7b||7b||7b||The curfew in Balti and Chisinau was discontinued. I found no recent update on the rules, but according to both the Austrian and the British governments' websites, the stay-at-home order for people over 63 as well as the outside mask mandate are still in place on 15 May 2021.||https://www.ipn.md/en/curfew-imposed-on-april-1-to-be-lifted-7967_1081188.html
|Portugal||29.04.2021||4||4||4||4||2||The dwellings Longueira-Almograve and S?o Teot?nio in Odemira municipality were quarantined. Entry and exit was only allowed for a limited set of reasons.||https://dre.pt/legislacao-consolidada/|
|Turkey||29.04.2021||7||7||7||7||1||As of 29 April, a stricter lockdown was imposed that allowed no one to leave their house unless for essential shopping or urgent medical treatments. All travel between cities required offical approval. This is still in place on 15 May 2021.||https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-56912668|
|Portugal||01.05.2021||4||4||2||2||2||According to the government website, in most municipalities all individual outdoor activities were allowed again, but there remained to be restrictions in some municipalities: Odemira, Portim?o, Aljezur, Resende, Carregal do Sal, Paredes, Miranda do Douro and Valongo. However, in the actual law it still said "Citizens should refrain from circulating on public spaces and roads, as well as on private spaces and roads deemed to be public roads, and should remain at home, avoiding unnecessary travel." thus I interpret this as a stay-at-home order with broad exceptions or little enforcement. But it didn't limit movement on a short duration around home anymore. This is still in force on 15 May 2021.||https://covid19estamoson.gov.pt/situacao-de-calamidade-1-de-maio/
|Austria||03.05.2021||2||0||2||0||2||The stricter lockdown in Wien and Nieder?sterreich was lifted on this day after it was already lifted in Burgenland on 19 April.||https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19-Pandemie_in_%C3%96sterreich
|France (Mainland)||03.05.2021||7||1||6||0||The stay-at-home order was lifted again. The curfew is still in place on 15 May. It starts at 7 PM and goes until 6 AM.||https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pand%C3%A9mie_de_Covid-19_en_France#F%C3%A9vrier_2021_:_arriv%C3%A9e_d'un_troisi%C3%A8me_vaccin_et_confinements_localis%C3%A9s_le_week-end|
|Slovakia||03.05.2021||7||5b||7||0||In districts with a higher incidence, there remained a stay-at-home order with a stricter night curfew whereas in most regions, only the night curfew remained in place.||https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22648739/curfew-rules-will-change-most-restrictions-will-be-kept-only-in-districts-in-a-bad-situation.html|
|Greece||04.05.2021||7||7||7||5||A stricter lockdown was imposed on Kalymnos island. Residents were only allowed to go to workplaces that remain open, to visit the doctor or pharmacy, to walk their pets or for shopping until 6 PM at the supermarket.||https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/greece-extends-coronavirus-lockdown-kalymnos-island-2021-05-15/|
|Romania||07.05.2021||7||1||7||1||Presumably the last municipalities came out of quarantine. This might have happened earlier, the last lifted local lockdown I found was on 28 April but as I don't speak Romanian, I might have missed some.||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Romania
|Cyprus||10.05.2021||7||1||7||1||It was no longer necessary to get an approvement through text message in order to go out. People were free to leave home during the day, but they had to stay home between 11 PM and 5 AM.||https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20210509-cyprus-lifts-lockdown-with-covid-safety-pass
|Italy||10.05.2021||7||1||7||1||All provinces were moved outside of "scenario 4". Some remained in scenario 3.||https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestione_della_pandemia_di_COVID-19_in_Italia|
|Spain||10.05.2021||7||1||1||1||2||The national curfew was lifted. In four provinces (Canarias, Navarra, Baleares, and La Comunidad Valenciana), it was kept in place. On the Canary Islands, this decision was ruled against by the provincial court so that the curfew had to be lifted. On the Balearic islands, the judges have ruled that the curfew may remain in place. The ban on leaving the municipality / sanitary area remained in several provinces.||https://as.com/diarioas/2021/05/08/actualidad/1620474331_847407.html
|Montenegro||12.05.2021||1||1||1||1||The curfew was lifted as well as the ban on travelling between municipalities on weekends.||https://portomontenegro.com/news/covid-19-montenegro-updates/|
|Greece||14.05.2021||7||7||1||1||The six months lockdown ended. People no longer needed to send an SMS asking for permission to leave their house. Also, movement between regions was allowed again. A nighttime curfew remains between 00:30 and 05:00. On Kalymnos, the lockdown remained in force.||https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-57113756
|Slovakia||14.05.2021||7||5b||1||1||The national state of emergency was lifted including the national curfew. Restrictions remained locally. Wearing masks was still required outside when closer than 5m to people of other households.||https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-slovakia-idUSL1N2N1140
|Poland||15.05.2021||0||0||0||0||Masks had not to be worn outside anymore.||https://www.wko.at/service/aussenwirtschaft/coronavirus-in-polen.html|
|Romania||15.05.2021||0||0||0||0||The curfew and the outside mask mandate were lifted.||https://rumaenien.diplo.de/ro-de/aktuelles/-/2312186?openAccordionId=item-2437808-1-panel